Convective Storm Vulnerability: Quantifying the Role of Effective and Well-Enforced Building Codes in Minimizing Missouri Hail Property Damage

@article{Czajkowski2014ConvectiveSV,
  title={Convective Storm Vulnerability: Quantifying the Role of Effective and Well-Enforced Building Codes in Minimizing Missouri Hail Property Damage},
  author={Jeffrey Czajkowski and Kevin M. Simmons},
  journal={Land Economics},
  year={2014},
  volume={90},
  pages={482 - 508}
}
Implementing strong building codes is touted as a way to reduce natural disaster property damages. However, at the local level not all jurisdictions adopt equally stringent codes nor properly enforce their codes once they have been adopted. We empirically test whether zip code jurisdictions with effective and well-enforced building codes demonstrate better loss experience from the occurrence of a hail storm than those without. We model Missouri hail claim insurance data from 2008 to 2010. Our… 
Tornado Damage Mitigation: Homeowner Support for Enhanced Building Codes in Oklahoma
TLDR
Examining homeowner support for more stringent building codes in Oklahoma, a conservative state that routinely experiences damaging tornadoes, shows that support for mandatory mitigation policies like building codes is subject to countervailing forces.
Prevention and insurance of natural disasters
World economic losses due to natural disasters have increased faster than GDP in the last three decades because risky regions have sustained growing population and low prevention measures. Moreover,
Prevention and Insurance in Cities Exposed to Natural Disaster Risks
Prevention and insurance are studied in an urban model with spatial heterogeneity due not only to commuting transport costs but also to natural disaster risks. Costly insurance and charity donation
Weather Indicators for Insured Hailstorm Damage to Motor Vehicles and Potential Climate Change Impacts
Projections of the potential effects of climate change on damage caused by local extreme weather events are important for the design of appropriate policies for greenhouse gas emission reduction and
Projecting End-of-Century Human Exposure from Tornadoes and Severe Hailstorms in Eastern Colorado: Meteorological and Population Perspectives
Severe convective storms along the Front Range and eastern plains of Colorado frequently produce tornadoes and hail, leading to substantial damage and crop losses annually. Determination of future
Demonstrating the Intensive Benefit to the Local Implementation of a Statewide Building Code
TLDR
This work finds that both components of building code implementation at the local level provide value in reducing windstorm losses in Florida, with the extent of the statewide code being the dominant effect reducing losses on the order of 72 percent.
Estimating Effects of Wind Loss Mitigation on Home Value
We employ a novel spatial regression model to estimate effects of windstorm loss mitigation features on the value of coastal homes. Specifically, we consider joint effects of the Insurance Institute
Measuring Community Resilience: The Role of the Community Rating System (CRS)
Community resilience has become an important concern due to the increasing scale and frequency of natural and technological disasters. Although several frameworks have been introduced to measure
Empirics on the Long-Run Effects of Building Energy Codes in the Housing Market
We study the effectiveness of building energy codes, taking a long-run perspective. The focus is on regulation’s impact on energy demand in both high- and low-quality residences, in other words, the
Integrated Disaster Risk Management and Adaptation
This chapter discusses integrated approaches to the management of risks related to extreme weather and climate change. This is done with the Loss and Damage (LD (cost-benefit) evaluations of risk
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
The Determinants of Residential Property Damage Caused by Hurricane Andrew
On the morning of August 24, 1992, Hurricane Andrew demolished the southeastern part of Florida. Hurricane Andrew was the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history: fifteen deaths were directly
Mitigation emerges as major strategy for reducing losses caused by natural disasters. Board of Natural Disasters.
TLDR
Beyond the Decade, efforts should focus on improving risk assessments; implementing mitigation strategies; improving technologies supporting warnings and the dissemination of, and response to, warnings; improving the basis for natural disaster insurance; and assisting developing nations.
SIMULATED HAIL DAMAGE AND IMPACT RESISTANCE TEST PROCEDURES For Roof Coverings and Membranes
As a result of hail damage to roof coverings and membranes, insurance companies and property owners spend millions of replacement dollars annually. Over the years, several organizations have
of Pennsylvania, co-director of the Risk Management and Decision Processes Center and co-author of Learning from Catastrophes: Strategies for Reaction and Response and At War with the Weather: Managing Large Scale Risks in a New Era of Catastrophes.
The United States and other nations are facing large-scale risks at an accelerating rhythm. In 2005, three major hurricanes--Katrina, Rita, and Wilma -- made landfall along the U.S. Gulf Coast within
Climatology of hail in France
Hailstorm Risk Assessment in Rural New South Wales
The risk of hail damage at a particular location depends on the frequency and severity (intensity) of hailfall. Three data sets were used to determine the relative risk of hail damage in the various
A statistical analysis and climatological interpretation of hailstorms in Switzerland
In these days of concern about the anticipated increase in greenhouse warming the question arises as to the influence of climatic change on the frequency of natural hazards. However, the term natural
Hurricane Andrew—Structural Performance of Buildings in South Florida
This report describes the structural performance of residential and low‐rise commercial structures in south Florida, based on observations from onsite inspections conducted within one week after
...
...