Convection Plumes in the Lower Mantle

@article{Morgan1971ConvectionPI,
  title={Convection Plumes in the Lower Mantle},
  author={Wayne J. Morgan},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1971},
  volume={230},
  pages={42-43}
}
THE concept of crustal plate motion over mantle hotspots has been advanced1 to explain the origin of the Hawaiian and other island chains and the origin of the Walvis, Iceland-Farroe and other aseismic ridges. More recently the pattern of the aseismic ridges has been used in formulating continental reconstructions2. I have shown3 that the Hawaiian-Emperor, Tuamotu-Line and Austral-Gilbert-Marshall island chains can be generated by the motion of a rigid Pacific plate rotating over three fixed… 

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