Controversies regarding cervical incompetence, short cervix, and the need for cerclage.


Cervical incompetence (CI) is not an all or nothing phenomenon but a continuous variable. CI and preterm labor are not distinct entities but rather part of a spectrum leading to preterm delivery. Cervical length (CL) is an independent variable in the prediction of preterm delivery, to which it is inversely related. Application of a primary transvaginal… (More)


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