Controlling charge quantization with quantum fluctuations

@article{Jzouin2016ControllingCQ,
  title={Controlling charge quantization with quantum fluctuations},
  author={S{\'e}bastien J{\'e}zouin and Z. Iftikhar and Anne Anthore and F. D. Parmentier and U. Gennser and Antonella Cavanna and Abdelkarim Ouerghi and Ivan P. Levkivskyi and Edvin G. Idrisov and Eugene V. Sukhorukov and Leonid I. Glazman and F. Pierre},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2016},
  volume={536},
  pages={58-62}
}
In 1909, Millikan showed that the charge of electrically isolated systems is quantized in units of the elementary electron charge e. Today, the persistence of charge quantization in small, weakly connected conductors allows for circuits in which single electrons are manipulated, with applications in, for example, metrology, detectors and thermometry. However, as the connection strength is increased, the discreteness of charge is progressively reduced by quantum fluctuations. Here we report the… 
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