Controlled microwave heating in modern organic synthesis.

  title={Controlled microwave heating in modern organic synthesis.},
  author={C. Oliver Kappe},
  journal={Angewandte Chemie},
  volume={43 46},
Although fire is now rarely used in synthetic chemistry, it was not until Robert Bunsen invented the burner in 1855 that the energy from this heat source could be applied to a reaction vessel in a focused manner. The Bunsen burner was later superseded by the isomantle, oil bath, or hot plate as a source for applying heat to a chemical reaction. In the past few years, heating and driving chemical reactions by microwave energy has been an increasingly popular theme in the scientific community… CONTINUE READING
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