Controlled alignment of carbon nanofibers in a large-scale synthesis process

@article{Merkulov2002ControlledAO,
  title={Controlled alignment of carbon nanofibers in a large-scale synthesis process},
  author={Vladimir I. Merkulov and Anatoli V. Melechko and Michael A. Guillorn and Michael L. Simpson and Douglas H. Lowndes and John H. Whealton and Richard J. Raridon},
  journal={Applied Physics Letters},
  year={2002},
  volume={80},
  pages={4816-4818}
}
Controlled alignment of catalytically grown carbon nanofibers (CNFs) at a variable angle to the substrate during a plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition process is achieved. The CNF alignment is controlled by the direction of the electric field lines during the synthesis process. Off normal CNF orientations are achieved by positioning the sample in the vicinity of geometrical features of the sample holder, where bending of the electric field lines occurs. The controlled growth of kinked… 

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