Contributions of a higher triplet excited state to the emission properties of a thermally activated delayed-fluorescence emitter
- T Kobayashi, A Niwa, +5 authors H Naito
- Phys Rev Applied
The photoluminescence properties of a thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitter, 1,2-bis(carbazol-9-yl)-4,5-dicyanobenzene (2CzPN), doped in a host matrix consisting of 1,3-bis(9-carbazolyl)benzene and a polar inert molecule, camphoric anhydride (CA), in various concentrations have been investigated. It is found that the addition of CA stabilizes only the lowest singlet excited state (S1) of 2CzPN without changing the energy level of the lowest triplet excited state (T1), leading to a reduction in the energy gap between S1 and T1. The maximum reduction of energy gap achieved in this work has been determined to be around 65 meV from the shift of the fluorescence spectrum and the temperature dependence of the photoluminescence decay rate.