Control of functional electrical stimulation with extended physiological proprioception.

  title={Control of functional electrical stimulation with extended physiological proprioception.},
  author={Chris Kirtley and Brian J. Andrews},
  journal={Journal of biomedical engineering},
  volume={12 3},
The use of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of muscle for paraplegic locomotion, or grasp augmentation in tetraplegia, is limited by the variability in muscle response to stimulation as a result of several external and internal factors. Previous approaches to this problem have used position-servo controllers, which have been shown to function satisfactorily in the laboratory. However, such systems will fail should obstacles be encountered or should the stimulation hardware develop a… CONTINUE READING

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