Control of Optical Transitions with Magnetic Fields in Weakly Bound Molecules.


In weakly bound diatomic molecules, energy levels are closely spaced and thus more susceptible to mixing by magnetic fields than in the constituent atoms. We use this effect to control the strengths of forbidden optical transitions in (88)Sr2 over 5 orders of magnitude with modest fields by taking advantage of the intercombination-line threshold. The physics behind this remarkable tunability is accurately explained with both a simple model and quantum chemistry calculations, and suggests new possibilities for molecular clocks. We show how mixed quantization in an optical lattice can simplify molecular spectroscopy. Furthermore, our observation of formerly inaccessible f-parity excited states offers an avenue for improving theoretical models of divalent-atom dimers.

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@article{McGuyer2015ControlOO, title={Control of Optical Transitions with Magnetic Fields in Weakly Bound Molecules.}, author={Bart H McGuyer and Maurice S. McDonald and G Z Iwata and Wojciech Skomorowski and Robert Moszynski and Tanya Zelevinsky}, journal={Physical review letters}, year={2015}, volume={115 5}, pages={053001} }