Control and Allegiance at the Dawn of the Oil Age: Bedouin, Zakat and Struggles for Sovereignty in Arabia, 1916–1955

  title={Control and Allegiance at the Dawn of the Oil Age: Bedouin, Zakat and Struggles for Sovereignty in Arabia, 1916–1955},
  author={Anthony B. Toth},
  journal={Middle East Critique},
  pages={57 - 79}
  • A. B. Toth
  • Published 1 March 2012
  • History
  • Middle East Critique
In the confused aftermath of the Ottoman Empire’s defeat in World War One, political turmoil, economic hardship and social upheaval buffeted the peoples of Arabia and the Levant as Britain, France and local political actors struggled for ascendancy. Most historical narratives dealing with the period have focused on the most significant political outcome of this period of violence and unrest: the rise of nation states in the Middle East. The destructive and disruptive consequences of this… 
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