Control, Resistance, and Empowerment in Raced, Gendered, and Classed Work Contexts: The Case of African American Women

  title={Control, Resistance, and Empowerment in Raced, Gendered, and Classed Work Contexts: The Case of African American Women},
  author={Patricia S. Parker},
  journal={Annals of the International Communication Association},
  pages={257 - 291}
  • P. Parker
  • Published 1 January 2003
  • Sociology
  • Annals of the International Communication Association
This chapter uses feminist and critical organizational communication perspectives to examine control, resistance, and empowerment as revealed in the literature on African American women’s work experiences. Acker’s (1991) model of gendered organizations is extended to include race and class, and to frame an understanding of African American women’s subordination (control) and resistance (empowerment) in work situations. This chapter presents evidence of African American women’s subordination in… 
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