Contributions to the knowledge of the fluctuations of the Dead Sea level

  title={Contributions to the knowledge of the fluctuations of the Dead Sea level},
  author={C. Klein and H. Flohn},
  journal={Theoretical and Applied Climatology},
  • C. Klein, H. Flohn
  • Published 1987
  • Environmental Science
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology
SummaryAfter an extended critical evaluation of a wealth of historical sources, the history of the Dead Sea level fluctuations is reviewed with accuracy since 1800 (Klein, 1961). Earlier data since 1100 AD based on landmarks and tree-ring data (Klein, 1982, 1985) are also summarized. Since 1930 interannual fluctuations are compared with area-averaged rainfall data from the western and eastern part of the catchment, as well as with rainfall records from Jerusalem and Amman. Correlation analysis… Expand
Late Holocene climates of the Near East deduced from Dead Sea level variations and modern regional winter rainfall
Abstract The Dead Sea is a terminal lake of one of the largest hydrological systems in the Levant and may thus be viewed as a large rain gauge for the region. Variations of its level are indicativeExpand
The hydrology and paleohydrology of the Dead Sea tributaries
The Dead Sea (drainage area of ~42,200 km2) is a terminal lake fed from the north by the Jordan River. The main water source into the Dead Sea is runoff, and its level is highly sensitive to theExpand
Mean, variance, and trends of Levant precipitation over the past 4500 years from reconstructed Dead Sea levels and stochastic modeling
Abstract A novel quantitative assessment of late Holocene precipitation in the Levant is presented, including mean and variance of annual precipitation and their trends. A stochastic framework wasExpand
Vegetation history and climate fluctuations on a transect along the Dead Sea west shore and their impact on past societies over the last 3500 years.
Abstract This study represents the vegetation history of the last 3500 years and conducts an analysis of the climatic fluctuations on a 75 km long transect on the western Dead Sea shore.Expand
Evaporation estimates from the Dead Sea and their implications on its water balance
The Dead Sea (DS) is a terminal hypersaline water body situated in the deepest part of the Jordan Valley. There is a growing interest in linking the DS to the open seas due to severe water shortagesExpand
Millennial multi-proxy reconstruction of oasis dynamics in Jordan, by the Dead Sea
Vegetation reconstructions in the Dead Sea region based on sediment records are potentially biased, because the vast majority of them derive from the western side of the sea, and only focus on largeExpand
Dead Sea Levels during the Bronze and Iron Ages
The history of lake-level changes at the Dead Sea during the Holocene was determined mainly by radiocarbon dating of terrestrial organic debris. This article reviews the various studies that haveExpand
Large floods during late Oxygen Isotope Stage 3, southern Negev desert, Israel
Abstract Slackwater deposits were found in a cave in the Nahal Netafim catchment (35 km 2 ), near the head of the Gulf of Aqaba in the southern Negev, Israel. The sedimentological record includes 27Expand
Changes in the rate of evaporation from the Dead Sea
Heat balance calculations indicate that during the last 40 years a marked decrease in the evaporation rate from the Dead Sea has accompanied its increased salinity. Two-thirds of the estimated 17 perExpand
Assessment of the effect of earthquake activity on regional vegetation — High-resolution pollen study of the Ein Feshka section, Holocene Dead Sea
Abstract Possible effects of seismic activity in the Dead Sea basin on the regional vegetation distribution are presented in this paper. The palynology was investigated in high resolution at theExpand


Radiocarbon Dating of East African Lake Levels
The fluctuations of the key East African lakes discussed are summarized and a notable lack of correlations between high-latitude glacial advances or maxima and intervals of high lake levels have been demonstrated or suggested for tropical Africa, shows the introduction of new climato-stratigraphic terms such as hypothermal and interstadial of questionable value. Expand
Effect of Salinity and Ionic Composition on Evaporation: Analysis of Dead Sea Evaporation Pans
Data from eight evaporation pans containing brines of different salinity and ionic composition were analyzed to quantify the effect of salinity on evaporation. The common procedure of correctingExpand
The Dead Sea