Contributions of vital rates to growth of a protected population of American black bears

@inproceedings{Mitchell2009ContributionsOV,
  title={Contributions of vital rates to growth of a protected population of American black bears},
  author={Michael S. Mitchell and Lara Brongo Pacifici and James B. Grand and Roger A. Powell},
  year={2009}
}
Analyses of large, long-lived animals suggest that adult survival generally has the potential to contribute more than reproduction to population growth rate (l), but because survival varies little, high variability in reproduction can have a greater influence. This pattern has been documented for several species of large mammals, but few studies have evaluated such contributions of vital rates to l for American black bears (Ursus americanus). We used variancebased perturbation analyses (life… CONTINUE READING

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