Contributions of an avian basal ganglia–forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song

@article{Kao2005ContributionsOA,
  title={Contributions of an avian basal ganglia–forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song},
  author={Mimi H. Kao and A. J. Doupe and Michael S. Brainard},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2005},
  volume={433},
  pages={638-643}
}
Cortical–basal ganglia circuits have a critical role in motor control and motor learning. In songbirds, the anterior forebrain pathway (AFP) is a basal ganglia–forebrain circuit required for song learning and adult vocal plasticity but not for production of learned song. Here, we investigate functional contributions of this circuit to the control of song, a complex, learned motor skill. We test the hypothesis that neural activity in the AFP of adult birds can direct moment-by-moment changes in… 

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