Contribution of the cervical sympathetic ganglia to the innervation of the pharyngeal arch arteries and the heart in the chick embryo.

@article{Verberne1999ContributionOT,
  title={Contribution of the cervical sympathetic ganglia to the innervation of the pharyngeal arch arteries and the heart in the chick embryo.},
  author={Marlies E. Verberne and Adriana C. Gittenberger-de Groot and Liesbeth van Iperen and Robert E. Poelmann},
  journal={The Anatomical record},
  year={1999},
  volume={255 4},
  pages={407-19}
}
In the chick heart, sympathetic innervation is derived from the sympathetic neural crest (trunk neural crest arising from somite level 10-20). Since the trunk neural crest gives rise to sympathetic ganglia of their corresponding level, it suggests that the sympathetic neural crest develops into cervical ganglia 4-14. We therefore tested the hypothesis that, in addition to the first thoracic ganglia, the cervical ganglia might contribute to cardiac innervation as well. Putative sympathetic nerve… CONTINUE READING