The morphological resemblance between osteoclast inclusions in Paget's bone disease and viral structures has encouraged new research with immunocytologic methods and In Situ hybridization. Paramyxovirus antigens of measles virus and respiratory syncitial virus were detected in pagetic osteoclasts using polyclonal antibodies. Paramyxovirus antigens of measles virus, simian virus (SV 5) and human parainfluenza virus (PF 3) were demonstrated using monoclonal and monospecific polyclonal antibodies. Measles virus nucleotide sequences were detected in pagetic osteoclasts by In Situ hybridization with a 3H labelled cDNA probe specific for measles nucleocapsid protein. However, the same probe also hybridized with several types of mononucleated cells suggesting a wide host range for measles virus genomic information. Apparently, this viral information is translated only in the osteoclasts. The link between the presence of viral information in pagetic bone tissue cells and Paget's disease itself still awaits elucidation.