Contractile role of M2 and M3 muscarinic receptors in gastrointestinal, airway and urinary bladder smooth muscle.


Both M(2) and M(3) muscarinic receptors are expressed in smooth muscle and influence contraction through distinct signaling pathways. M(3) receptors interact with G(q) to trigger phosphoinositide hydrolysis, Ca(2+) mobilization and a direct contractile response. In contrast, M(2) receptors interact with G(i) and G(o) to inhibit adenylyl cyclase and Ca(2… (More)