Contraception and health

@article{Cleland2012ContraceptionAH,
  title={Contraception and health},
  author={J. Cleland and A. Conde-Agudelo and H. Peterson and J. Ross and A. Tsui},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2012},
  volume={380},
  pages={149-156}
}
Increasing contraceptive use in developing countries has cut the number of maternal deaths by 40% over the past 20 years, merely by reducing the number of unintended pregnancies. By preventing high-risk pregnancies, especially in women of high parities, and those that would have ended in unsafe abortion, increased contraceptive use has reduced the maternal mortality ratio--the risk of maternal death per 100,000 livebirths--by about 26% in little more than a decade. A further 30% of maternal… Expand
Impact of family planning programs in reducing high-risk births due to younger and older maternal age, short birth intervals, and high parity.
TLDR
Improvement in MCPR, predominately due to family planning programs, is a major driver of the decline in the burden of high-risk births due to high parity, shorter birth intervals, and older maternal age in developing countries. Expand
Association between modern contraceptive use and child mortality in India: A calendar data analysis of the National Family Health Survey (2015-16)
TLDR
Evidence of dual benefit of contraceptive use is provided for promoting evidence-based advocacy to expand use of family planning services to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 3.2 which calls for end of preventable deaths during childhood. Expand
Antenatal Care, an Expediter for Postpartum Modern Contraceptive Use
TLDR
This study shows the significant association between antenatal care and postpartum contraceptive use in Bangladesh and suggests that Integrating family planning counseling into antenatal Care may increase the use of effective contraceptive methods among post partum women in Bangladesh. Expand
Missed opportunities for family planning: an analysis of pregnancy risk and contraceptive method use among postpartum women in 21 low- and middle-income countries.
TLDR
The approach of estimating pregnancy risk by postpartum timing confirms a high probability for pregnancies to be less than optimally spaced within 2 years of a prior birth and suggests that special consideration is needed to effectively reach this population with the right messages and services. Expand
Family planning in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of interventions in promotion of long-acting reversible contraception
TLDR
This paper reviews the literature on published interventions, provides international development practitioners with useful recommendations for LARC promotion in family planning programs moving forward, and recommends decentralizing health care networks, building capacity in service delivery and skills training, and conducting advocacy and education through social and behavioral change communication (SBCC). Expand
The relationship between contraceptive use and maternal and infant health outcomes in Tajikistan.
TLDR
Efforts made by the Tajik government to increase utilization of family planning have had mixed effects on overall uptake and the MCH outcomes analyzed in this study, which can help to inform the government's policy on family planning. Expand
B8 | THE CRISIS OF MATERNAL AND REPRODUC TIVE HEALTH
  • 2015
Motherhood is unsafe for many women in the world, especially those in lowand middle-income countries (LMICs) In this chapter we look at the different factors which contribute to this continuing humanExpand
Contraception use and unplanned pregnancies in a peri-urban area of eSwatini (Swaziland).
TLDR
Investigating prevalence and determinants of contraception use and unplanned pregnancies in a disadvantaged area in the Kingdom of eSwatini (Swaziland) found family planning interventions need to focus on preconception care for teenagers to enable pregnancy planning including improved antenatal care attendance. Expand
Predictors of modern contraceptive use during the postpartum period among women in Uganda: a population-based cross sectional study
TLDR
Increasing reproductive health education and information among postpartum women especially those who are disadvantaged, those with no education and the poor would significantly improve PPFP in Uganda. Expand
Demand for contraception to delay first pregnancy among young married women in India.
TLDR
Contraception was more likely to have been practiced by educated women, those aware of family planning methods before they were married, those exposed to quality sexuality education, and those who participated in marriage-related decision making. Expand
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