Continuous five-year treatment of patients with frequently recurring genital herpes simplex virus infection with acyclovir.

Abstract

This study presents data relative to the efficacy and safety following the continuous use of oral acyclovir in the treatment of genital herpes over a 5-year period. In this study, 1,146 patients (53% males; 47% females) were originally enrolled. These included patients with a history of frequently recurring genital herpes (mean > 12 episodes per year). During the first year, patients were randomized between those receiving 400 mg of acyclovir twice daily and an equal number receiving placebo. Additionally, acyclovir was utilized for episodic treatment (ES) in both groups. Thereafter, patients received open-label acyclovir suppressive therapy for the remainder of the study period. Complete data are available on 389 patients who completed the fifth year of therapy. All the participants who completed the fifty year of the study had completed either 4 or 5 years of daily suppressive acyclovir therapy. During the first year, a significant decrease in the frequency of recurrences in patients receiving continuous acyclovir (SS) was noted as compared to the placebo group (1.7 vs. 12.5 recurrences; P < 0.0001). From year one to the end of year three, a progressive decrease in the frequency of recurrences was noted in both groups. Yet, those patients who had received SS for the full 3 years had significantly fewer recurrences than those who had received ES in the first year (P = 0.05). During years four and five, the decrease in frequency of recurrences between the ES and SS groups was not significant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Goldberg1993ContinuousFT, title={Continuous five-year treatment of patients with frequently recurring genital herpes simplex virus infection with acyclovir.}, author={Leonard H. Goldberg and Raymond H. Kaufman and Terrance O. Kurtz and Markus A Conant and Lawrence J. Eron and R. L. Batenhorst and Gregory Boone}, journal={Journal of medical virology}, year={1993}, volume={Suppl 1}, pages={45-50} }