Continuous axillary brachial plexus analgesia with low dose morphine in patients with complex regional pain syndromes.


In this prospective pilot study, nine patients suffering from complex regional pain syndrome of the arm were treated with morphine 0.16 mg h-1 (3.84 mg day-1) applied continuously through an axillary brachial plexus catheter. In all of them an oral analgesic medication including the less potent opioid tramadol had not provided sufficient pain relief. During… (More)


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