Continuing hazards of the learning curve in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  title={Continuing hazards of the learning curve in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.},
  author={Leon Morgenstern and Mick McGrath and Brendan J. Carroll and Margaret Paz-Partlow and George Berci},
  journal={The American surgeon},
  volume={61 10},
Bile duct injury is one of the most serious complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). In open cholecystectomy (OC) the reported incidence of injury is less than 0.2 per cent. In LC, the aggregate reported experience, in many thousands of cases, is three or four times this number. Although "the learning curve" has been considered the principal factor in the heightened incidence of this complication with LC, there are hazards inherent in this new surgical modality that may never allow… CONTINUE READING
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