Contextual Perspectives on Heroin Addiction and Recovery: Classic and Contemporary Theories

  title={Contextual Perspectives on Heroin Addiction and Recovery: Classic and Contemporary Theories},
  author={Sarah Callahan},
Drug use and recovery have received considerable attention from social scientists over the past few decades. However, many studies involving heroin use continue to focus on person-centered risk factors surrounding use and, to a lesser extent, recovery processes. There is a need to further develop and use theories that focus on contextual approaches that include opportunity structures and behavioral economic factors. In this article, two classic criminological theories (Differential Opportunity… 
Perspectives of cocaine users on addiction recovery: a qualitative study following a CRA + vouchers programme
Abstract Addiction recovery has gained considerable attention over the past few years. Despite the diffuse conceptualization of ‘recovery’, a range of studies have been conducted on what recovery
Exploring essential components of addiction recovery: a qualitative study across assisted and unassisted recovery pathways
Abstract Even though various pathways to addiction recovery have been identified, knowledge on overarching essential components of addiction recovery processes remains limited. To explore these
Theoretical understanding of contextual motivations for sustained adolescent marijuana use in South Africa
  • E. Manu, M. Douglas, M. J. Ntsaba
  • Psychology
    The South African journal of psychiatry : SAJP : the journal of the Society of Psychiatrists of South Africa
  • 2021
There is the need to intensify adolescent marijuana use prevention campaigns in illicit marijuana-growing contexts of South Africa, focussing on the differential opportunities and subcultural inclinations that promote the behaviour in those contexts.


Lay theories of heroin addiction.
A Novel Approach to Understanding Recovering Personsâ Relationship Dynamics: Injection Heroin Users
This study reviews social resource attainment in recovering heroin users in mutual help settings, and shows how network analysis can help better understand heroin use and recovery.
Toward a preliminary macro theory of drug addiction
Currently, the drug addiction literature is replete with micro‐level theories of addiction that offer important insights into individual and small‐group processes leading to addiction. However, few
A Subcultural Study of Recreational Ecstasy Use
This article looks at the extent to which subcultural theories of deviance are still relevant to understanding recreational drug use, given the relatively widespread nature of drug use among today’s
A Sociocognitive Analysis of Substance Abuse: An Agentic Perspective
This article presents a social-cognitive theory of substance abuse. The exercise of self-regulatory agency plays a central role in this approach. Perceived self-efficacy is the foundation of human
Mediators Of Effectiveness In Dual-focus Self-help Groups
Understanding that the therapeutic factors inherent in 12-step are not mysterious, but appear to capitalize on well-documented social learning principles, may increase the acceptance of 12- step programs among addiction and mental health professionals.
NIDA-Drug Addiction Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS) Relapse as a Function of Spirituality/Religiosity
For clients who abuse drugs, regular spiritual practice, particularly weekly attendance at the religious services of their choice is associated with significantly higher remission, demonstrating the clinically significant role of spirituality and the social bonds it creates in drug treatment programs.
Theory-based active ingredients of effective treatments for substance use disorders.
  • R. Moos
  • Psychology
    Drug and alcohol dependence
  • 2007
Therapeutic communities for drug addicts: prediction of long-term outcomes.
Recovery from addiction in two types of sober living houses: 12-Month outcomes
Residents in both types of SLHs made significant reductions in the maximum number of days of substance use per month between baseline and 6 months and these reductions were maintained at 12 months.