Context And Content

  title={Context And Content},
  author={Robert Stalnaker},
Context figures in the interpretation of utterances in many different ways. In the tradition of possible-worlds semantics, the seminal account of context-sensitive expressions such as indexicals and demonstratives is that of Kaplan's two-dimensional semantics (the contentcharacter distinction), further pursued in various directions by Stalnaker, Chalmers, and others. This chapter introduces and assesses the notion of context-sensitivity presented in this group of approaches, with a special… 

Figures from this paper

Truth-conditional content and conversational implicature
Book description: Semantic theory in linguistics cannot retain its traditional purity, free of pragmatic contextual considerations. Agreement with the preceding claim, generally shared by this
Assertion Revisited: On the Interpretation of Two-Dimensional Modal Semantics
This paper concerns the applications of two-dimensional modal semantics to the explanation of the contents of speech and thought. Different interpretations and applications of the apparatus are
Truth and Reference in Context
One of the main purposes of the paper is to propose a definition of truth (with respect to a presuppositional apparatus) that does not ignore the role of discommodation when different views of the common ground are involved.
Pragmatic and Cognitive Presuppositions Across Discourse Spheres
The purpose of this study is to show the relevance of presuppositions in the coding and decoding of meaning and communication. The category is framed in terms of “…a background of beliefs or
Contextualizing Time in Linguistic Discourse: Cues to Individuate and to Order Events
An attempt would be made to understand how some of these cues play a crucial role in construing the sense of temporality encoded in a discourse, with an example drawn from Bangla.
On Value-Attributions: Semantics and Beyond
This paper is driven by the idea that the contextualism-relativism debate regarding the semantics of value-attributions turns upon certain extra-semantic assumptions that are unwarranted. One is the
A pragmatic framework for truth in fiction
According to R. Stalnaker, context plays a role in determining the proposition expressed by a sentence by providing the domain of possible worlds that propositions distinguish between: a sentence
When aspect matters: the case of would-conditionals
Differences in the interpretation of would-conditionals with simple (perfective) and perfect antecedent clauses are marked enough to discourage a unified view. However, this paper presents a unified,
Minimalist Meaning, Internalist Interpretation
This article offers a conception of semantics, and of what makes the human language faculty distinctive, based on five theses: Meanings are instructions to build concepts; concatenation calls for
‘Nobody Loves Me’: Quantification and Context
It is argued that the speaker’s intentions can play a semantic role only if they satisfy an Availability Constraint: an intention must be made available or communicated to the addressee, and for that purpose the speaker can exploit any feature of the objective context.


The conscious mind: in search of a fundamental theory
I. PRELIMINARIES 1. Two Concepts of Mind 2. Supervenience and Explanation II. THE IRREDUCIBILITY OF CONSCIOUSNESS 3. Can Consciousness be Reductively Explained? 4. Naturalistic Dualism 5. The Paradox
The heart beats on the left
Preface to the English edition. Preface. 1. In the Wake of Willy Brandt. 2. A New Economic and Fiscal Policy. 3. The Rush to Lower Taxation. 4. The Election Campaign. 5. Red Socks -- Red Hands. 6.
Has the “New Economy” Rendered the Productivity Slowdown Obsolete?
When the period since 1995:4 is compared to 1950-72 and 1972-95, growth in output per hour in the most recent (third) period has recovered more than two-thirds of the productivity growth slowdown
An Investigation of the Relationship Between Actual and Apparent Gasoline Thickness in a Uniform Sand Aquifer
A common effort involved in the remediation of contamination by petroleum hydrocarbons in porous media is the monitoring and volume estimation of the immiscible hydrocarbon fluid. The apparent free
Free‐Product Recovery of Petroleum Hydrocarbon Liquids
Recovery wells remain the principle technology for removal of free‐product hydrocarbon liquids from the subsurface. This paper presents simple models for estimating hydrocarbon recovery rates using
Issuance of the Groundwater Environmental Indicator for BP Sugar Creek -RCRA Environmental Indicator (EI) RCRIS code (CA750)
    Comparison of c# and Java
    • Comparison of c# and Java
    Improving the precision and correctness of exception analysis in Soot Sable Research Group, School of Com- 8 http://www
    • Improving the precision and correctness of exception analysis in Soot Sable Research Group, School of Com- 8 http://www
    LNAPL Saturation, Distribution, and Recovery in Fine Grained Soils,
    • Proceedings of the Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Chemicals in Ground Water Conference and Exposition,
    • 2001
    The new state of restlessness. (Internet version, now no longer on the net)
    • 1999