Contemporary prison overcrowding: short-term fixes to a perpetual problem

@article{Pitts2014ContemporaryPO,
  title={Contemporary prison overcrowding: short-term fixes to a perpetual problem},
  author={James M. A. Pitts and O. Hayden Griffin and William Wesley Johnson},
  journal={Contemporary Justice Review},
  year={2014},
  volume={17},
  pages={124 - 139}
}
Since the United States began using incarceration as its cornerstone of punishment for those who transgress the law, this method of discipline has been fraught with problems. One of the most ubiquitous problems found within correctional institutions are the conditions inmates are forced to live in particularly, when penal facilities are overcrowded. These conditions have led to extensive litigation, compelling the judicial system to change. Although overall conditions have improved, a… 

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In the broadest sense, alternative sanctions are criminal law measures that substitute a prison sentence. They are practically parapenal sanctions considering that they lack the actual effectiveness

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