Contemporaneity of Australopithecus, Paranthropus, and early Homo erectus in South Africa

  title={Contemporaneity of Australopithecus, Paranthropus, and early Homo erectus in South Africa},
  author={A. Herries and Jesse M. Martin and A. Leece and Justin W. Adams and G. Boschian and R. Joannes-Boyau and T. R. Edwards and Tom Mallett and Jason S Massey and Ashleigh Murszewski and Simon Neubauer and R. Pickering and D. Strait and B. Armstrong and Stephanie Baker and M. Caruana and T. Denham and J. Hellstrom and J. Moggi-Cecchi and Simon Mokobane and Paul Penzo-Kajewski and Douglass S. Rovinsky and G. Schwartz and Rhiannon C. Stammers and C. Wilson and J. Woodhead and C. Menter},
Dating the Drimolen hominins Fossil hominins from South Africa are enriching the story of early human evolution and dispersal. Herries et al. describe the geological context and dating of the hominin-bearing infilled cave, or palaeocave, at a site called Drimolen in South Africa (see the Perspective by Antón). They focus on the age and context of a recently discovered Homo erectus sensu lato fossil and a Paranthropus robustus fossil, which they dated to ∼2.04 million to 1.95 million years ago… Expand
All who wander are not lost
Geochronological context is provided for two new hominin cranial fossils (DNH 134 and DNH 152) that reveals some early habits of H. erectus, the most likely direct ancestor of humans. Expand
The uncertain case for human-driven extinctions prior to Homo sapiens
Abstract A growing body of literature proposes that our ancestors contributed to large mammal extinctions in Africa long before the appearance of Homo sapiens, with some arguing that premodernExpand
Assessing the status of the KNM-ER 42700 fossil using Homo erectus neurocranial development.
Investigation of (ecto)neurocranial ontogeny in H. erectus and the proposed juvenile status of this fossil uses recent Homo sapiens, chimpanzees, and Neanderthals to model and discuss changes in neurocrania shape shows that all four species share common patterns of developmental shape change resulting in a relatively lower cranial vault and expanded supraorbital torus at later developmental stages. Expand
Biomechanics of the human thumb and the evolution of dexterity
A new approach to investigate the efficiency of thumb opposition, a fundamental component of manual dexterity, in several species of fossil hominins, takes into account soft tissue as well as bone anatomy, integrating virtual modeling of musculus opponens pollicis and its interaction with three-dimensional bone shape form. Expand
Early Pleistocene faunivorous hominins were not kleptoparasitic, and this impacted the evolution of human anatomy and socio-ecology
It is shown that the butchery practices of early Pleistocene hominins could not have resulted from having frequent secondary access to carcasses and the role that meat played in their diets, their ecology and their anatomical evolution, ultimately resulting in the ecologically unrestricted terrestrial adaptation of the authors' species. Expand
Factors controlling age quality in UPb dated Plio-Pleistocene speleothems from South Africa: The good, the bad and the ugly.
Abstract Caves in South Africa preserve a rich record of early hominin and early modern human development and have been the subject of much research. U Pb dating of speleothems, particularlyExpand
Knocking on Acheulean’s door. DK revisited (Bed I, Olduvai, Tanzania)
Abstract The Douglas Korongo (DK) holds the earliest archaeological evidence documented in Olduvai Gorge to date. This ~1.9 Mya site, excavated by M. Leakey during the early 1960s, has become anExpand
Machine learning ATR-FTIR spectroscopy data for the screening of collagen for ZooMS analysis and mtDNA in archaeological bone
Abstract Faunal remains from archaeological sites allow for the identification of animal species that enables the better understanding of the relationships between humans and animals, not only fromExpand
Multiproxy paleoenvironmental reconstruction of Early Pleistocene sites from the Olteţ River Valley of Romania
Abstract The Early Pleistocene is recognized as a time of major global climatic and environmental change, including increasing aridity, significant spread of grasslands, and substantial faunalExpand


Geological Setting and Age of Australopithecus sediba from Southern Africa
Two partial skeletons of a new species of Australopithecus, about 1.9 million years old, are described, which imply that the transition to Homo was in stages and shows many derived features with Homo, helping to reveal its evolution. Expand
Australopithecus sediba: A New Species of Homo-Like Australopith from South Africa
Combined craniodental and postcranial evidence demonstrates that this new species of Australopithecus shares more derived features with early Homo than any other australopith species and thus might help reveal the ancestor of that genus. Expand
The first hominin from the early Pleistocene paleocave of Haasgat, South Africa
The first hominin identified from Haasgat is reported, a partial maxillary molar that was recovered from an ex situ calcified sediment block sampled from the locality, and it is suggested that this specimen best fits within the Australopithecus—early Homo hypodigms to the exclusion of the genus Paranthropus. Expand
Contemporary flowstone development links early hominin bearing cave deposits in South Africa
The Cradle of Humankind cave sites in South Africa preserve fossil evidence of four early hominin taxa: Australopithecus africanus, Australopithecus sediba, Paranthropus robustus and early Homo. InExpand
Early hominin dental remains from the Plio-Pleistocene site of Drimolen, South Africa.
This analysis delineates the Drimolen P. robustus dental sample as characterized by smaller teeth overall than the Swartkrans sample (and in some cases also smaller than the Kromdraai sample), as well as a greater size range. Expand
Natural history of Homo erectus.
  • S. Antón
  • Biology, Medicine
  • American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2003
It is argued that H. erectus is a hominin, notable for its increased body size, that originates in the latest Pliocene/earliest Pleistocene of Africa and quickly disperses into Western and Eastern Asia and is also an increasingly derived homin in with several regional morphs sustained by intermittent isolation, particularly in Southeast Asia. Expand
Macromammalian faunas, biochronology and palaeoecology of the early Pleistocene Main Quarry hominin-bearing deposits of the Drimolen Palaeocave System, South Africa
The carnivore assemblage described here is even more diverse than established in prior publications, including the identification of Megantereon whitei, Lycyaenops silberbergi, and first evidence for the occurrence of Dinofelis cf. Expand
Integrating palaeocaves into palaeolandscapes: An analysis of cave levels and karstification history across the Gauteng Malmani dolomite, South Africa
Abstract The Drimolen Palaeocave System in the ‘Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa’ UNESCO World Heritage Site is well known for numerous remains of early hominins such as Paranthropus robustus andExpand
A revision of the genus Dinofelis (Mammalia, Felidae)
Ecomorphological analysis of both craniodental and postcranial characters suggests that Dinofelis in many respects converged on modern pantherine cats in morphology and behaviour, a trend culminating in the South African D. barlowi and the Asian D. cristata, which are the most pantherian-like of all machairodont felids. Expand
Australopithecus sediba and the emergence of Homo: Questionable evidence from the cranium of the juvenile holotype MH 1.
It is argued that Malapa Hominin 1 provides clear evidence that A. sediba was uniquely related to Australopithecus africanus and that the hypothesis of an extensive ghost lineage connecting A.Âsediba to the root of the Homo clade is unwarranted. Expand