Contemplative Grammars: Śaṅkara’s Distinction of Upāsana and Nididhyāsana

  title={Contemplative Grammars: Śaṅkara’s Distinction 
of Upāsana and Nididhyāsana},
  author={Neil Dalal},
  journal={Journal of Indian Philosophy},
  • Neil Dalal
  • Published 1 March 2016
  • Philosophy
  • Journal of Indian Philosophy
AbstractŚaṅkara’s Advaita Vedānta is largely dismissive of ritual action, in part because the metaphysical position of non-duality erodes any independent existence of the individual as a ritual agent, and because knowledge of non-duality is thought to be independent of action. However, a close reading of Śaṅkara shows that he does accept forms of devotional practice that have remained largely marginalized in studies of Advaita Vedānta. This article compares and contrasts contemplative devotion… 
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