Contact allergy to reactive dyes in footwear

  title={Contact allergy to reactive dyes in footwear},
  author={Kamalini Lecamwasam and Faheem Latheef and Benjamin Walker and Mark Wilkinson},
  journal={Contact Dermatitis},
Reactive dyes have been used in the textile industry for the past 60 years; they colour fibres brightly and are highly wetfast. They consist of a direct colourant (an azo, anthraquinone or phthalocyanin derivative group) connected to a reactive group, which is capable of linking through covalent bonds to the amine or sulfhydryl groups of proteins (1). We report a case of a delayed contact hypersensitivity reaction to reactive dyes. 
5 Citations

Shoe Dermatitis.

Shoe Allergens: A Retrospective Analysis of Cross-sectional Data From the North American Contact Dermatitis Group, 2005–2018

Shoe contact allergy was more common in younger and male patients and testing supplemental allergens, personal care products, and shoe components should be part of a comprehensive evaluation of suspected shoe contact allergy.

Patch test results in patients with suspected contact allergy to shoes: Retrospective IVDK data analysis 2009–2018

Allergic contact dermatitis caused by shoes is common and new relevant allergens have been identified.

Contact Allergy: A Review of Current Problems from a Clinical Perspective

Diverse sources of exposures to chemicals of widely-differing types and structures, continue to induce sensitisation in man and may result in allergic contact dermatitis.

Contact Allergy to Shoes



Contact dermatitis and asthma from reactive dyes

Development of asthma and rhinitis in 4 patients has been described after exposure to 4 different reactive dyes, all the patients had positive scratch tests and bronchial challenge test for the dyes and 3 of them had high titres of specific serum IgE to the dye.

Sensitization to reactive textile dyes in patients with contact dermatitis

To investigate sensitization to the most commonly used reactive textile dyes in patients undergoing patch tests, and to assess the clinical relevance of contact sensitization of these dyes, a close relationship with textile industry is necessary to improve diagnostic tools.

Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from reactive dyes

Case Report A 32-year-old man presented with a work-related dermatitis of 3 months duration on the dorsa of the hands, wrists and forearms. As a chemical process operator, he loaded, monitored and

A new case of occupational asthma from reactive dyes with severe anaphylactic response to the specific challenge.

Both prick and patch test for the dye were positive in the absence of any sign of contact dermatitis, and Bronchial hyperresponsiveness as tested through metacholine challenge was absent both in basal conditions and after the dye challenge.

Asthma, rhinitis, and dermatitis in workers exposed to reactive dyes.

IgE-mediated allergy to reactive dye seems to be an important cause of respiratory and nasal symptoms among dyehouse employees exposed to dust from reactive dyes.

Allergic dermatoses and respiratory diseases from reactive dyes

None of the patients was patch‐test‐positive to para‐phenylenediamine (PPD) or to textile dye allergens in a series of organic dyes, which has little value in the screening of allergy to reactive dyes.

Disperse dyes in fabrics of patients patch-test-positive to disperse dyes.

  • K. HatchH. MotschiH. Maibach
  • Medicine
    American journal of contact dermatitis : official journal of the American Contact Dermatitis Society
  • 2003
Dyes to which a patient was patch test positive were infrequently identified in the fabric suspected to be the cause of the skin lesions, which means that the next step will be to patch-test with fabric swatches and extracts of dye from the submitted garments.

10 years' experience of patch testing with a shoe series in 230 patients: which allergens are important?

The main practical points to emerge from this study are that, in patients with foot dermatitis, chromate is still the principal allergen, and that medicament and cosmetic allergens may be prominent.

Shoe Allergens: Retrospective Analysis of Cross‐Sectional Data from the North American Contact Dermatitis Group, 2001‐2004

In NACDG patients with allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) of the foot and a shoe source of allergens, the most common individual shoe allergen was p‐tertiary butylphenol formaldehyde resin, a finding consistent with those of other studies.

European Society of Contact Dermatitis guideline for diagnostic patch testing – recommendations on best practice

The present guideline summarizes all aspects of patch testing for the diagnosis of contact allergy in patients suspected of suffering, or having been suffering, from allergic contact dermatitis or