Contact allergy and hand eczema in Swedish dentists

  title={Contact allergy and hand eczema in Swedish dentists},
  author={L‐M. Wallenhammar and Ulf {\"O}rtengren and Harriet Andreasson and Lars Barregard and Bert Bj{\"o}rkner and Stig Karlsson and Karin Wrangsj{\"o} and Birgitta Meding},
  journal={Contact Dermatitis},
Hand eczema and contact allergy in Swedish dentists were studied in a multidisciplinary project. The aims of the study were to establish diagnoses, to investigate the occurrence of contact allergy, in particular to (meth)acrylates, and to evaluate certain consequences of hand eczema. A postal questionnaire on skin symptoms, atopy and occupational experience was mailed to 3500 dentists aged <65 years, and licensed 1965–1995. The response rate was 88%. Among dentists living in 3 major cities, 14… 

Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Dentists and Dental Nurses

It is found that the dental personnel was hypersensitive primarily to components of disinfectants, metals, rubber and fragrances, and acrylates and disinfecant aldehydes constitute the major sources of allergy among dental personnel.

Hand eczema in 45 bakers − a clinical study

Since considerable medical and social consequences of hand eczema are seen, thorough diagnosis of contact allergy and IgE‐mediated allergy in bakers, as well as preventive measures, are essential.

Prevalence of hand dermatoses related to latex exposure amongst dentists in Queensland, Australia.

Overall, this study showed that occupational dermatoses constitute a major occupational health problem among dentists in Queensland, Australia and the identification of atopic dermatitis as a significant risk factor again stresses the importance of allergic disease and its relationship with occupational skin conditions.

Occupational dermatitis in dental personnel: contact dermatitis with special reference to (meth)acrylates in 174 patients

In conclusion, irritant hand dermatitis was the dominant diagnosis and contact allergy to (meth)acrylate was seen in 22% of the patch tested patients, with reactions to 3 predominant test substances.

Occupational skin exposure and hand eczema among dental technicians-need for improved prevention.

Dental technicians have twice the risk of hand eczema than the general population and efforts to improve skin protection and increase participation in obligatory training about handling thermosetting plastics are important.

Occupational Allergies in Dentistry: A Cross-Sectional Study in a Group of French Dentists

The frequency and the impact of occupational allergies were significant among the study population of French dentists, particularly in those with an associated allergic background.

Occupation-related allergies in dentistry.

Dental-specific information about the recognition and management of allergic and irritant reactions is needed to reduce exposure to potential irritants and allergens and educate personnel about proper skin care.


Active involvement of physicians within the health care system, primarily dermatologists, occupational medicine specialists and general medicine doctors is needed for establishing an accurate medical diagnosis and confirmation of occupational skin disease.

Patch test results of the dental personnel with contact dermatitis

  • O. KoçakU. Gul
  • Medicine, Materials Science
    Cutaneous and ocular toxicology
  • 2014
This study will be helpful to dermatologists about frequency of contact dermatitis among dental personnel and allergens that cause contact sensitivity for developing new methods to protect the personnel in dentistry against sensitization.

Skin reactions amongst Greek endodontists: a national questionnaire survey.

History of atopy and dermal eczema as well as gender was significantly associated with skin reactions and the use of powder-free latex gloves instead of powdered ones was the measure most frequently adopted to manage reactions.



Epidemiology of hand eczema in an industrial city.

  • B. Meding
  • Medicine
    Acta dermato-venereologica. Supplementum
  • 1990
A multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the most important predictive factor for hand eczema was female sex, followed by occupational exposure, a history of asthma and/or hayfever and a service occupation, which was shown to be a long-lasting disease with a relapsing course.

Hand eczema in car mechanics

Car mechanics are at high risk for contact dermatitis on the hands, irritant as well as allergic, and one plausible explanation was the common use of nickel‐plated tools.

Self-reported occupational dermatological reactions among Danish dentists.

The aims of the study were to investigate the causes and prevalences of occupational dermatological reactions among Danish dentists, and to urge for developing safer materials for dental use.

Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from colophony in 2 dental nurses

A non-atopic 44-year-old dental nurse was investigated for fingertip dermatitis, and subsequently avoided exposure to colophonycontaining products and, at follow-up 6 months later, she was symptomless.

Gold – a controversial sensitizer

With the present knowledge of contact allergy – allergic contact dermatitis, it is decided not to recommend including gold sodium thiosulfate in the standard series and it should be applied for scientific purposes and when allergicContact dermatitis from gold is suspected.

Risk for hand eczema in employees with past or present atopic dermatitis

Estimates of the risk of developing hand eczema and the evidence for an effect modification by skin atopy on exposure are presented and guidelines for occupational counseling can be given.

Contact allergies in healthcare workers. Results from the IVDK.

Significantly increased sensitization rates common to the healthcare sector as a whole were found for the vaccine preservative thiomersal, as well as with fragrances in massage therapists and nurses, and with methacrylates in dental technicians.

Patch testing with fragrances: results of a multicenter study of the European Environmental and Contact Dermatitis Research Group with 48 frequently used constituents of perfumes

The top 25 fragrances commonly found in various products caused few reactions in dermatological patients and these few appeared to be clinically irrelevant, with the possible exeption of Lyral®.

The occurrence and course of skin symptoms on the hands among female cleaners

There is a future need to develop and implement new work organisation and cleaning methods to reduce the time spent with wet hands.