Molecular characterization and functional analysis of the β-galactosidase gene during Coffea arabica (L.) fruit development.
In order to promote genome research on coffee trees, one of the most important tropical crops, a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of the coffee allotetraploid species, Coffea arabica, was constructed. The variety IAPAR 59, which is widely distributed in Latin America and exhibits a fair level of resistance to several pathogens, was chosen. High-efficiency BAC cloning of the high molecular weight genomic DNA partially digested by HindIII was achieved. In total, the library contains 88,813 clones with an average insert size of 130 kb, and represents approximately eight C. arabica dihaploid genome equivalents. One original feature of this library is that it can be divided into four sublibraries with mean insert sizes of 96, 130, 183 and 210 kb. Characterisation of the library showed that less than 4.5% of the clones contained organelle DNA. Furthermore, this library is representative and shows good genome coverage, as established by hybridisation screening of high-density filters using a number of nuclear probes distributed across the allotetraploid genome. This Arabica BAC library, the first large-insert DNA library so far constructed for the genus Coffea, is well-suited for many applications in genome research, including physical mapping, map-based cloning, functional and comparative genomics as well as polyploid genome analyses.