Construct validity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) among university students: A multitrait-multimethod approach.


There is considerable debate about the underlying factor structure of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) in the literature. An established view is that it reflects a unitary or bidimensional construct in nonclinical samples. There are, however, reasons to reconsider this conceptualization. Based on previous factor analytic findings from both clinical and… (More)

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