Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run

@article{Collaboration2017ConstraintsOC,
  title={Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run},
  author={The Ligo Scientific Collaboration and T. M. C. Abbott and Richard Abbott and Thomas Abbott and Fausto Acernese and Kendall Ackley and Carl Adams and Todd Adams and Paolo Addesso and Rana X. Adhikari and Vaishali B. Adya and Christoph Affeldt and Mohammad Afrough and Bhanu Agarwal and Michalis Agathos and Kazuhiro Agatsuma and Nancy Aggarwal and Odylio D. Aguiar and Lloyd Paul Aiello and Anirban Ain and Parameswaran Ajith and Bruce Allen and Gabrielle Allen and Annalisa Allocca and Paul A Altin and A. Amato and Alena Ananyeva and Stuart B. Anderson and Warren G. Anderson and Sarah Antier and Stephen Appert and Koya Arai and M. C. Araya and Joseph Areeda and Nicolas Arnaud and K. G. Arun and Stefano Ascenzi and Gregory Ashton and Melanie Ast and S Aston and Pia Astone and Peter Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and K. AultONeal and Adriana {\'A}vila-{\'A}lvarez and Stanislav Babak and Philippe Bacon and M. K. M. Bader and S Bae and Paul T. Baker and F. Baldaccini and Giulio Ballardin and Stefan W. Ballmer and Sharan Banagiri and J. C. B. Barayoga and S. E. Barclay and Barry C. Barish and Daniel H. N. Barker and Fabrizio Barone and B. W. Barr and Lisa Barsotti and Matteo Barsuglia and D{\'a}niel Barta and Jms Bartlett and Imre Bartos and Riccardo Bassiri and Andrea Basti and J. C. Batch and Christoph Baune and Mateusz Bawaj and Marco Bazzan and Bence B'ecsy and C. Beer and Michał Bejger and I. Belahcene and A. S. Bell and B. K. Berger and Gerald Bergmann and Christopher P. L. Berry and Diego Bersanetti and Alessandro Bertolini and J Betzwieser and Swetha Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and I. A. Bilenko and G Billingsley and Chris Billman and Jeremy Birch and R Birney and Ofek Birnholtz and Sebastien Biscans and A. Bisht and Massimiliano Bitossi and Christopher Michael Biwer and M. A. Bizouard and J. K. Blackburn and Jonathan Blackman and Carl Blair and David G Blair and R. M. Blair and Steven Bloemen and Oliver Bock and Nina Bode and Michel Boer and Gilles Bogaert and Alejandro Boh{\'e} and F. Bondu and Romain Bonnand and Boris A. Boom and R. G. Bork and Valerio Boschi and Sukanta Bose and Yann Bouffanais and Aaron T. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and Patrick R. Brady and V. B. Braginsky and Marica Branchesi and James E. Brau and Tristan Briant and A. Brillet and Martin Brinkmann and V. Brisson and Patrick Brockill and J. E. Broida and A. F. Brooks and D. A. Brown and D D Brown and Nic M. Brown and Sharon Brunett and C. C. Buchanan and Aaron Buikema and Tomasz Bulik and H. J. Bulten and Alessandra Buonanno and D. Buskulic and Christelle Buy and Robert L. Byer and Miriam Cabero and Laura Cadonati and Gianpietro Cagnoli and C. Cahillane and Juan Calder{\'o}n Bustillo and Thomas A. Callister and Enrico Calloni and Jordan B. Camp and Maurizio Canepa and Priscilla Canizares and Kipp Cannon and H. Cao and J. Cao and Colin Capano and Eleonora Capocasa and Franco Carbognani and Santiago Caride and Matthew F. Carney and J. Casanueva Diaz and Claudio Casentini and Sarah Caudill and Marco Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and Giancarlo Cella and Carlos Cepeda and Liala Baiardi and G. Cerretani and E. Cesarini and Sydney JoAnne Chamberlin and Man Leong Chan and S. Chao and P R Charlton and {\'E}ric Chassande-Mottin and Debarati Chatterjee and Belinda D. Cheeseboro and H. Y. Chen and Y. R. Chen and H.-P. Cheng and Andrea Chincarini and Antonino Chiummo and T. Chmiel and H. S. Cho and M. Cho and Jong H. Chow and Nelson Christensen and Qi Chu and Alvin J. K. Chua and S. Chua and Adrian Ka-Wai Chung and S. Chung and Giacomo Ciani and Riccardo Ciolfi and Caterina Cirelli and A Cirone and Filiberto Clara and J A Clark and F. Cleva and Candida Gori Cocchieri and Eliana Marina Coccia and P.-F. Cohadon and Alberto Colla and Christophe Collette and Lynn R. Cominsky and Marcio Constancio and Livia Conti and S J Cooper and P. Corban and Thomas Corbitt and K. Rainer Corley and Neil J. Cornish and Alessandra Corsi and Samuele Cortese and C. A. Costa and Michael W. Coughlin and S Coughlin and J.-P. Coulon and Stefanie Countryman and Peter Couvares and P. B. Covas and Edith Cowan and D. M. Coward and M. J. Cowart and D. C. Coyne and Robert Coyne and Jolien D. E. Creighton and T. D. Creighton and Jonathan Cripe and S. Gwynne Crowder and Torrey Cullen and Andrew Cumming and L. Cunningham and Elena Cuoco and Tito Dal Canton and Stefan L. Danilishin and Sabrina D’Antonio and Karsten Danzmann and Anirban Dasgupta and Carlos F. Da Silva Costa and Vincenzino Dattilo and Itishri Dave and M. Davier and Derek Davis and E J Daw and B. Day and Soumi De and Daniel B. DeBra and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Degallaix and Martina de Laurentis and Samuel Del'eglise and Walter del Pozzo and Thomas Denker and Thomas Dent and Vladimir Dergachev and Rosario De Rosa and R. T. Derosa and Riccardo DeSalvo and Jan Devenson and R. C. Devine and Sanjeev V. Dhurandhar and M. C. D'iaz and L. Di Fiore and Matteo di Giovanni and Tristano Di Girolamo and Alberto Di Lieto and Sibilla Di Pace and I. Di Palma and Francesco Di Renzo and Zoheyr Doctor and Vincent Dolique and Frederick J. Donovan and K L Dooley and Suresh Doravari and Iain Dorrington and Rebecca Douglas and Miguel Dovale {\'A}lvarez and Turlough P. Downes and M. Drago and Ronald W. P. Drever and Jenne C. Driggers and Zhihui Du and M. Ducrot and J. Duncan and Sheila E. Dwyer and Tega Boro Edo and Matthew C. Edwards and Anamaria Effler and H. B. Eggenstein and Phil Ehrens and Jan Eichholz and Stephen S. Eikenberry and Robert A. Eisenstein and Reed Essick and Zachariah B. Etienne and Taylor M. Etzel and Matthew Evans and Thomas M. Evans and Maxim Factourovich and V Fafone and H. Fair and Stephen Fairhurst and X. Fan and Stefania Farinon and Benjamin Farr and Will M. 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Meyers and Federica Mezzani and Haixing Miao and Christine Michel and Hannah Middleton and Eugeniy Mikhailov and Leopoldo Milano and A. L. Miller and A. Miller and B. Miller and J. R. Miller and Margaret Millhouse and Olivier Minazzoli and Yury Minenkov and Jin Ming and Chandra Kant Mishra and Subhasish Mitra and Vp. Mitrofanov and Gena Mitselmakher and Richard K Mittleman and A. Moggi and M. Mohan and Satyanarayan Ray Pitambar Mohapatra and M. Montani and B. C. Moore and Christopher J. Moore and Daniel Moraru and Gerardo Moreno and Sarah Morriss and B. Mours and Conor M Mow-Lowry and Guido Mueller and Alistair William Muir and Arunava Mukherjee and Dipanjan Mukherjee and Suvodip Mukherjee and Nikhil Mukund and Adam J Mullavey and Jesper Munch and E. A. M. Muniz and P. G. Murray and Kevin J. Napier and Ilaria Nardecchia and Luca Naticchioni and Rabindranath Nayak and Gijs Nelemans and T. J. N. Nelson and MorgantiN. Neri and Marcello Nery and Ansel Neunzert and Jeffrey Newport and G. P. Newton and K. K. Y. Ng and T. T.-H. Nguyen and David A. Nichols and Alex B. Nielsen and Samaya M. Nissanke and Alexander H. Nitz and Andreas Noack and F. Nocera and Dan Nolting and Marc Eric Normandin and Laura K Nuttall and Jason Oberling and Evan Ochsner and Eric Oelker and G. H. Ogin and J J Oh and S. H. Oh and Frank Ohme and Miquel Oliver and Patrick Oppermann and Richard J. Oram and Brian O'reilly and R. G. Ormiston and Luis F. Ortega and Richard O’Shaughnessy and David J. Ottaway and Harry Overmier and Benjamin J. Owen and Alexander Pace and Jessica Page and Michael A. Page and Archana Pai and Sanjay A. Pai and Jordan Palamos and O. V. Palashov and Cristiano Palomba and A. Pal-Singh and H. I. Pan and Belinda Heyun Pang and Peter T. H. Pang and Chris Pankow and Francesco Pannarale and Bhasker Pant and Federico Paoletti and Angela Delli Paoli and Maria Alessandra Papa and H. R. Paris and William Parker and Daniela Pascucci and Antonio Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and Barbara Patricelli and Brynley Pearlstone and M. Pedraza and Richard Pedurand and Larne Pekowsky and Arnaud Pele and Stephen Penn and Carlos J. Perez and Antonio Perreca and L. M. Perri and Harald P. Pfeiffer and M. Phelps and Ornella Juliana Piccinni and Mikhael Pichot and Francesco Piergiovanni and Vincenzo Pierro and Gabriel Pillant and L. Pinard and Innocenzo M. Pinto and Matthew Pitkin and R. Poggiani and P. Popolizio and Edward K. Porter and A. Post and Jade Powell and Jayanti Prasad and Jacob W. Pratt and Valeriu Predoi and Tanner Prestegard and M. Prijatelj and M. Principe and Stephen Privitera and Reinhard Prix and Giovanni Andrea Prodi and L G Prokhorov and Oliver Puncken and M. Punturo and P. Puppo and Michael Purrer and H. Qi and Jiayi Qin and Shi Qiu and Volker Quetschke and Eric Antonio Quintero and Ryan Quitzow-James and F. J. Raab and D. S. Rabeling and Hugh Radkins and P{\'e}ter Raffai and Sendhil Raja and C. Rajan and Malik Rakhmanov and K. E. Ramirez and P. Rapagnani and V Raymond and Massimiliano Razzano and Jocelyn Read and Tania Regimbau and Luca Rei and Stuart Reid and David Reitze and H. Rew and Steven Reyes and F. Ricci and Paul M. Ricker and Stefanie Rieger and Keith Riles and M Rizzo and N. A. Robertson and Raymond Robie and Florent Robinet and Alessandro Rocchi and Lo{\"i}c Rolland and Jameson Graef Rollins and Vincent Roma and Joseph D. Romano and Rocco Romano and Chandra Romel and J. H. Romie and D. Rosi'nska and Michael P Ross and Sheila Rowan and A. Rudiger and P. Ruggi and Kris Ryan and Surabhi Sachdev and Travis Sadecki and Laleh Sadeghian and Mairi Sakellariadou and Livio Salconi and M. Saleem and Francesco Salemi and Anuradha Samajdar and Letizia Sammut and Laura Sampson and E. J. Sanchez and V. D. Sandberg and B. Sandeen and Joyce Sanders and Beno{\^i}t Sassolas and Peter Saulson and O. E. S. Sauter and Richard L. Savage and A. Sawadsky and Paul Schale and Jacob Scheuer and E. Schmidt and J. Schmidt and Patricia Schmidt and Roman Schnabel and Robert M. S. Schofield and A. Schonbeck and Emil Schreiber and Daniel R. Schuette and Brian Wm. Schulte and Bernard F. Schutz and Sophia Schwalbe and J. Scott and Susan M. Scott and Edward Seidel and Danny Sellers and Anand S. Sengupta and Daniel Sentenac and Valeria Sequino and A. S. Sergeev and Daniel A. Shaddock and Thomas Shaffer and A. A. Shah and M. Selim Shahriar and Lijing Shao and B. Shapiro and Peter S Shawhan and A C Sheperd and Deirdre Shoemaker and Deirdre M. Shoemaker and Karelle Siellez and Xavier Siemens and Magdalena Sieniawska and Daniel Sigg and A. da Silva and Andrej Singer and Leo P. Singer and A. Singh and R. Singh and Akshat Singhal and Alicia M. Sintes and Bram J. J. Slagmolen and B. Smith and J. R. Smith and R Smith and E J Son and Jackie Sonnenberg and Borja Sorazu and Fiodor Sorrentino and Tarun Souradeep and A P Spencer and Amit K Srivastava and Alexa Staley and Dani{\`e}le Steer and Michael Steinke and Jessica Steinlechner and S. Steinlechner and Daniel Steinmeyer and Branson C. Stephens and Robert Stone and Kenneth Strain and Giulia Stratta and Sergey Strigin and Riccardo Sturani and Amber L. Stuver and Tiffany Summerscales and L Sun and Sooraj Sunil and P. Sutton and Bas Swinkels and Marek J. Szczepa'nczyk and Matteo Tacca and Dipongkar Talukder and David B. Tanner and M'arton T'apai and Andrea Taracchini and J Alex Taylor and R. D. Taylor and Thomas Theeg and E. G. Thomas and M. Thomas and Pieter Thomas and Keith A. Thorne and Kip S. Thorne and Eric Thrane and S. Tiwari and Vaibhav Tiwari and K. Tokmakov and Karl Toland and Mauro Tonelli and Zeno Tornasi and Calum I. Torrie and Daniel Toyra and Flavio Travasso and Gary Traylor and Daniele Trifir{\`o} and Jonathan P. Trinastic and Maria Concetta Tringali and Lucia Trozzo and Ka Wa Tsang and M. Tse and Robert Tso and Darkhan Tuyenbayev and Koh Ueno and Dennis Wayne Ugolini and C. S. Unnikrishnan and Alexander L. Urban and S. A. Usman and Henning Vahlbruch and Gabriele Vajente and Guillermo Valdes and Michele Vallisneri and Niels Anton van Bakel and Martinus van Beuzekom and J. F. J. van den Brand and Chris van den Broeck and Daniel Vander-Hyde and Laura van der Schaaf and Joris van Heijningen and A. A. van Veggel and M Vardaro and Vijay Varma and Steve Vass and M'aty'as Vas'uth and Alberto Vecchio and Gabriele Vedovato and John Veitch and Peter J. Veitch and Krishna Venkateswara and Gautam Venugopalan and D. Verkindt and F. Vetrano and Andrea Vicer'e and Aaron Viets and Serena Vinciguerra and David Vine and J.-Y. Vinet and Salvatore Vitale and Thomas Vo and Helios Vocca and Cheryl Vorvick and Daniel Voss and W. D. Vousden and Sergey P. Vyatchanin and Andrew R. Wade and Leslie Wade and Madeline Wade and R. C. Walet and Marissa Walker and L. Wallace and Sin'ead Walsh and G. Wang and H. Wang and J. Z. Wang and M. Wang and Y.F. Wang and Y. Wang and Robert L. Ward and Jimmy Warner and Michal Was and Jennifer Watchi and Betsy Weaver and L.-W. Wei and Michael Weinert and Alan J. Weinstein and Rainer Weiss and Longping Wen and Erik Wessel and Peter Wessels and Tobias Westphal and Karl Wette and James Whelan and Bernard F. Whiting and Chris Whittle and D. Williams and R. D. Williams and Andrew R. Williamson and Josh Willis and Benno Willke and M. H. Wimmer and Walter Winkler and Christopher C. Wipf and Holger Wittel and Graham Woan and J. Woehler and J. K. Wofford and K. W. K. Wong and John R. Worden and Jennifer L. Wright and D. S. Wu and G. Wu and William Yam and H. Yamamoto and Cregg C. Yancey and Ming Yap and Hang Yu and Haocun Yu and M. Yvert and A. K. Zadro.zny and Michele Zanolin and T. I. Zelenova and Jean Pierre Zendri and Michael Zevin and L. Zhang and M. Zhang and T. X. Zhang and Y-h Zhang and C Zhao and M. Zhou and Z. Zhou and S. J. Zhu and X J Zhu and Michael Edward Zucker and J. G. Zweizig},
  journal={Physical Review D},
  year={2017},
  volume={97},
  pages={102002}
}
Cosmic strings are topological defects which can be formed in grand unified theory scale phase transitions in the early universe. They are also predicted to form in the context of string theory. The main mechanism for a network of Nambu-Goto cosmic strings to lose energy is through the production of loops and the subsequent emission of gravitational waves, thus offering an experimental signature for the existence of cosmic strings. Here we report on the analysis conducted to specifically search… 

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