Constraints on atmospheric charmed-meson production from IceCube

@inproceedings{California2016ConstraintsOA,
  title={Constraints on atmospheric charmed-meson production from IceCube},
  author={To California and Berkeley and Usa and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and httpicecube.wisc.edu},
  year={2016}
}
. At very-high energies (100 TeV - 1 PeV), the small value of Bjorken-x ( ≤ 10 − 3 − 10 − 7 ) at which the parton distribution functions are evaluated makes the calculation of charm quark production very di ffi cult. The charm quark has mass ( ∼ 1.5 ± 0.2 GeV) significantly above the Λ QCD scale ( ∼ 200 MeV), and therefore its production is perturbatively calcu-lable. However, the uncertainty in the data and the calculations cannot exclude some smaller non-perturbative contribution. To evaluate… 

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