Constraining Saturn’s Interior with Ring Seismology: Effects of Differential Rotation and Stable Stratification

@article{Dewberry2021ConstrainingSI,
  title={Constraining Saturn’s Interior with Ring Seismology: Effects of Differential Rotation and Stable Stratification},
  author={Janosz W. Dewberry and Christopher R. Mankovich and Jim Fuller and Dong Lai and Wenrui Xu},
  journal={The Planetary Science Journal},
  year={2021},
  volume={2}
}
Normal mode oscillations in Saturn excite density and bending waves in the C ring, providing a valuable window into the planet’s interior. Saturn’s fundamental modes (f-modes) excite the majority of the observed waves, while gravito-inertial modes (rotationally modified g-modes) associated with stable stratification in the deep interior provide a compelling explanation for additional density waves with low azimuthal wavenumbers m. However, multiplets of density waves with nearly degenerate… 

Kronoseismology. VI. Reading the Recent History of Saturn’s Gravity Field in Its Rings

Saturn’s C ring contains multiple structures that appear to be density waves driven by time-variable anomalies in the planet’s gravitational field. Semiempirical extensions of density wave theory

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