Constitutively low expression of collagen XIII alpha 1 may help explain the vulnerability of the inferior rectus muscle to thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy.

Abstract

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) has a predilection for inferior rectus muscle that has never been explained. We conducted immunohistochemical staining for the soluble cleaved form of collagen XIII alpha 1 (COL13A1) and found constitutively low expression of COL13A1 in normal human inferior rectus muscles and moderate expression of COL13A1 in normal… (More)

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@article{Morris2016ConstitutivelyLE, title={Constitutively low expression of collagen XIII alpha 1 may help explain the vulnerability of the inferior rectus muscle to thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy.}, author={Olivia Claire Morris and Kirsten Schebitz Walter and Esbj{\"o}rn Telemo and Christoph R. Hintschich}, journal={Orbit}, year={2016}, volume={35 6}, pages={343-349} }