Constituents of "teabacco": A forensic analysis of cigarettes made from diverted nicotine replacement therapy lozenges in smoke-free prisons.

  title={Constituents of "teabacco": A forensic analysis of cigarettes made from diverted nicotine replacement therapy lozenges in smoke-free prisons.},
  author={Courtney Mitchell and Cheneal Puljevi{\'c} and Ross Coomber and Alan R. White and Sarah L. Cresswell and Jasper Bowman and Stuart A. Kinner},
  journal={Drug testing and analysis},
  volume={11 1},
Following the implementation of prison smoke-free policies, there have been reports of prisoners creating substitute cigarettes made from nicotine replacement therapy patches or lozenges infused with tea leaves ("teabacco"). No studies have analyzed the chemical constituents of teabacco made from nicotine lozenges, so as to document any potential related health hazards. Teabacco samples were made by a participant who reported creating teabacco while incarcerated in a smoke-free prison in… 


Constituents of smoke from cigarettes made from diverted nicotine replacement therapy patches.
Nicotine is released when diverted nicotine replacement therapy patches are smoked, as are caffeine and harmful toxins, which have the potential to cause short- and long-term health damage.
Second-hand smoke in four English prisons: an air quality monitoring study
The concentration of PM2.5 pollution in smoking areas of prisons are extremely high and represents a significant health hazard to prisoners and staff members.
Automated determination of seven phenolic compounds in mainstream tobacco smoke.
Sensitivity, selectivity, accuracy, and reproducibility were more than adequate for routine detection of phenols in mainstream smoke, and differences were seen in relative levels of phenolic compounds in the mainstream smoke from unfiltered cigarettes made with a single type of tobacco.
Mainstream Smoke Chemistry and in Vitro and In Vivo Toxicity of the Reference Cigarettes 3R4F and 2R4F
Overall, the present study suggests equivalent smoke chemistry and in vitro and in vivo toxicity for the 2R4f and 3R4F reference cigarettes.
Smoke-free policies in U.S. Prisons and jails: A review of the literature.
  • S. KennedyS. P. DavisS. Thorne
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
  • 2015
Smoke-free policies have become increasingly common in prisons and jails, but evidence suggests they are not consistently implemented and future studies should examine the health and economic outcomes of smoke-free policy outcomes.
Should smoking be banned in prisons?
While tobacco control strategies have successfully reduced smoking in the general community to below 20% in Australia, the rate among prisoners remains unacceptably high and reasons for smoking rates remaining high in prisoner populations include high nicotine dependency, mental illness, and poor access by this group to smoking cessation programmes while in prison.
Simultaneous analysis of 22 volatile organic compounds in cigarette smoke using gas sampling bags for high-throughput solid-phase microextraction.
This method provides an accurate and robust means to quantify VOCs in cigarette smoke spanning a range of yields that is sufficient to characterize smoke exposure estimates.
Prison tobacco control policies and deaths from smoking in United States prisons: population based retrospective analysis
The findings suggest that smoking bans have health benefits for people in prison, despite the limits they impose on individual autonomy and the risks of relapse after release.