Consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11 over long delays: Implications for consolidation and wrong time slice hypotheses

@article{Kvavilashvili2009ConsistencyOF,
  title={Consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11 over long delays: Implications for consolidation and wrong time slice hypotheses},
  author={Lia Kvavilashvili and Jennifer Mirani and Simone Schlagman and Kerry Foley and Diana E Kornbrot},
  journal={Journal of Memory and Language},
  year={2009},
  volume={61},
  pages={556-572}
}

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Effects of age on phenomenology and consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11 and a staged control event.
In two studies, the special status of flashbulb memories was investigated by contrasting the effects of age on the phenomenology and consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11, over a 2-year
Flashbulb and Event Memory of September 11, 2001: Consistency, Confidence and Age Effects
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It is concluded that flashbulb memories are a special case of normal episodic memory for emotional events, however, requires a special scenario of emotional arousal and rehearsal.
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It is hypothesized that flashbulb memories follow a consolidation-like process: Some details learned later are incorporated into the initial memory, and many others are discarded after this process, and memories stabilize.
Flashbulb memory for 11 September 2001
SUMMARY The recollection of particularly salient, surprising or consequential events is often called ‘flashbulb memories’. We tested people’s autobiographical memory for details of 11 September 2001
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A consolidation model is proposed to explain results: during the days immediately following a newsworthy event, the narrative structure of these memories changes in that some details are forgotten, and after this consolidation period, the memories may solidify.
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Results showed that national membership had a significant impact on event memory, and the emotional and rehearsal variables, but flashbulb memories for the September 11th attacks were found to be high and consistent across different countries.
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