Conserving Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

  title={Conserving Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services},
  author={Patricia Balvanera and Gretchen C. Daily and Paul R. Ehrlich and Taylor H. Ricketts and Sallie Bailey and Salit Kark and Claire Kremen and Henrique Miguel Pereira},
  pages={2047 - 2047}
H uman impacts on the environment are intensifying, raising vexing questions of how best to allocate the limited resources available for biodiversity conservation. Which creatures and places most deserve attention? Which should we ignore, potentially accepting their extinction? The answer to this dilemma depends on one's objectives. To motivate action, conservationists often mix diverse ethical and practical objectives, hoping they will reinforce each other. But attention given to one goal may… 

Safeguarding biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Little Karoo, South Africa.

  • B. EgohB. Reyers R. Cowling
  • Environmental Science
    Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
  • 2010
This work investigated the synergies and trade-offs in safeguarding ecosystem services and biodiversity in South Africa's Little Karoo and showed that with a small decrease in biodiversity target achievement, substantial gains for the conservation of ecosystem services can be achieved within biodiversity priority areas for no extra cost.

Global Conservation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

It is found that published global priority maps for biodiversity conservation harbor a disproportionate share of estimated terrestrial ecosystem service value (ESV), and overlap of biodiversity priorities and ESV varies among regions, and in areas that have high biodiversity priority but low ESV, specialized conservation approaches are necessary.

The role of protected areas for freshwater biodiversity conservation: challenges and opportunities in a rapidly changing world

1. Declaring protected areas (PAs) stands out as one of the main conservation strategies worldwide and there are clear commitments to expand their extent under the auspices of the Convention on

Ecosystem service benefits of contrasting conservation strategies in a human-dominated region

It is shown that small protected areas and protected landscapes (restrictive zoning) deliver high carbon storage and biodiversity, while existing incentive payment schemes target areas that offer little advantage over other parts of England in terms of biodiversity, carbonstorage and agricultural production.

A Critical Analysis of Ecosystem Services as a Tool in Conservation Projects

Here conservation projects that focus only on biodiversity are analytically compared with those that include ecosystem‐service goals to dispel myths and explore promises and it is demonstrated that not only do ecosystem‐ service approaches engage new landscapes, stakeholders, and funding sources, but that they do so without neglecting traditional biodiversity goals and the traditional approaches of protection and preservation.

Conservation Planning for Ecosystem Services

It is found that although there are important potential trade-offs between conservation for biodiversity and for ecosystem services, a systematic planning framework offers scope for identifying valuable synergies.

Field evidence that ecosystem service projects support biodiversity and diversify options

It is found that the ES projects attract on average more than four times as much funding through greater corporate sponsorship and use of a wider variety of finance tools than BD projects, and are also more likely to encompass working landscapes and the people in them.

To what extent can ecosystem services motivate protecting biodiversity?

This analysis provides simple criteria to evaluate when managing for particular ecosystem services could warrant protecting all species, given uncertainty, and suggests that optimising some services will be more likely to protect most species than others.

Biodiversity conservation through ecologically sustainable strategies

Biodiversity conservation strategies often face backlash from different regions of Globe in between the process of being materialized. Direct wildlife damage alone holds the main reason for these