The Multivesicular Bodies (MVBs)-Localized AAA ATPase LRD6-6 Inhibits Immunity and Cell Death Likely through Regulating MVBs-Mediated Vesicular Trafficking in Rice
Arginines are a recurrent feature of the active sites and subunit interfaces of the ATPase domains of AAA and AAA+ proteins. In particular family members these residues occupy two or more, of four key sites in the vicinity of the ATP cofactor, where they transduce the chemical events of ATP binding and hydrolysis into a mechanochemical outcome. Structural and biochemical analyses have led to the proposal of molecular mechanisms in which these conserved arginines play crucial roles. Comparative studies, however, point to functional divergence for each of these conserved arginines. In this review, we will discuss what is known about these critical arginines and what can be concluded about their role in the function of AAA and AAA+ proteins.