Detection of Allelic and Genotypic Frequencies of Polymorphisms Associated with Meat Quality in the Mediterranean Baladi Cattle
The aim was to analyze the allelic and genotypic frequencies for two genes associated with tenderness of meat (CAPN1 and CAST) and one with fat deposits (DGAT1) in three endangered Spanish cattle breeds: Berrenda en Colorado (BC), Berrenda en Negro (BN), and Cardena Andaluza (CA) to utility of their involvement in the selection of them and to help the adoption of conservation measurement. Seventy-five males and 298 females of those breeds were genotyped. Genotypic and allelic frequencies for each polymorphic locus were estimated. There were significant differences in the genotypic frequencies among breeds in CAPN1 and DGTA1 genes and in the case of the genic frequencies in CAPN1, CAST, and DGAT1 genes. The three breeds analyzed (BC, BN, and CA) presented high allelic frequencies for the favorable allele of the three markers (from 0.41 to 0.75). The association between the favorable allele and meat quality must be confirmed. In cases of association with differences in quality meat, the absence of differences in the genotypic and genic frequency distributions between the sexes is advantageous in mating planning because it implies that there is no handicap to be overcome for the conservation program and it would allow the use of sires to promote the increase in improvements within a short period of time.