Conservation consequences of Chernobyl and other nuclear accidents

  title={Conservation consequences of Chernobyl and other nuclear accidents},
  author={Anders Pape M{\o}ller and Timothy A Mousseau},
  journal={Biological Conservation},

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The Animals of Chernobyl and Fukushima
The parallels observed between radiation effects on animals in Chernobyl and Fukushima provide additional evidence for the significant ecological consequences of nuclear accidents, and ionizing radiation in general.
Ecological differences in response of bird species to radioactivity from Chernobyl and Fukushima
The impact of radiation on abundance of birds was stronger at Fukushima than at Chernobyl, and differences between Chernobyl and Fukuskima may reflect differences in duration of exposure, differences in radioactive isotopes and differences in accumulation of mutations.
Genetic and ecological studies of animals in Chernobyl and Fukushima.
Interestingly, for birds, population declines in Chernobyl can be predicted by historical mitochondrial DNA base-pair substitution rates that may reflect intrinsic DNA repair ability, and this reflects in part life history, physiology, behavior, and evolutionary history.
137Cs contamination over Transylvania region (Romania) after Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Accident.
Elevated radioactive contamination from the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident in aquatic biota from a river with a lake in its upper reaches
This study compared the concentration of 134Cs and 137Cs in algae, litter, sand substrate, and aquatic insects in a river originating from Lake Chuzenji and in a nearby river from 2013 to 2015, finding high concentrations at the Daiya site and low at the Watarase site.
Cumulative effects of radioactivity from Fukushima on the abundance and biodiversity of birds
The abundance of birds decreased with increasing levels of background radiation, with significant interspecific variation, consistent with the hypothesis that the negative effects of radiation on abundance and species richness accumulate over time.
Radioactive contamination of aquatic insects in a stream impacted by the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident
Contamination by the radioactive Cs differed by species, location and stream velocity, with more extensive studies planned to fully determine the impact of radionuclides on aquatic ecosystems.


Biological consequences of Chernobyl: 20 years on.
Reduced abundance of raptors in radioactively contaminated areas near Chernobyl
The abundance of birds of prey is reduced in contaminated areas, and that there is evidence of a recent increase in abundance of raptors in less contaminated Areas, but not in the most contaminated ones.
Species richness and abundance of forest birds in relation to radiation at Chernobyl
Standardized point counts of breeding birds at forest sites around Chernobyl indicate that the ecological effects of Chernobyl on animals are considerably greater than previously assumed.
Historical mutation rates predict susceptibility to radiation in Chernobyl birds
The hypothesis that species that respond strongly to the impact of radiation from Chernobyl are also the species that in the past have been most susceptible to factors that have caused high substitution rates in mitochondrial DNA is tested.
Determinants of interspecific variation in population declines of birds after exposure to radiation at Chernobyl
Investigating interspecific variation in the relationship between abundance and level of radiation in breeding birds inhabiting forests around Chernobyl, Ukraine shows that species using large amounts of antioxidants will be particularly susceptible to the effects of low-level radiation.
Efficiency of bio-indicators for low-level radiation under field conditions
Fitness loss and germline mutations in barn swallows breeding in Chernobyl
Heritability estimates indicate that mutations causing albinism were at least partly of germline origin, and evidence for an increased germline mutation rate was obtained from segregation analysis at two hypervariable microsatellite loci, indicating that mutation events in barn swallows from Chernobyl were two- to tenfold higher than in birds from control areas in Ukraine and Italy.
Birds prefer to breed in sites with low radioactivity in Chernobyl
  • A. MøllerT. Mousseau
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2007
It is suggested that individual body condition rather than secondary effects of radiation on resource abundance account for the effects on nest box use and hatching success, and species respond in a species-specific manner to radiation.
Gamma-dose rates from terrestrial and Chernobyl radionuclides inside and outside settlements in the Bryansk Region, Russia in 1996-2003.
Condition, reproduction and survival of barn swallows from Chernobyl
The overall findings are consistent with the hypothesis that radioactive contamination in the Chernobyl region has significant negative impact on rates of reproduction and survival of the barn swallow, and it is hypothesized that these effects are mediated by antioxidants and/or mutations.