Consequences of sex education on teen and young adult sexual behaviors and outcomes.

  title={Consequences of sex education on teen and young adult sexual behaviors and outcomes.},
  author={L. Lindberg and Isaac Maddow-Zimet},
  journal={The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine},
  volume={51 4},
  • L. LindbergI. Maddow-Zimet
  • Published 1 October 2012
  • Psychology
  • The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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Several studies exploring sex education programs and adolescent decision making within the context of cognitive development are examined and recommendations for evidence-based interventions that may reduce risky adolescent sexual behavior are offered.



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Age of partner at first adolescent intercourse and adult sexual risk behavior among women.

Having an older first sex partner during adolescence was associated with sexual risk behavior in adulthood, and sexual health interventions need to target female adolescents before they initiate sexual intercourse to reduce risk for STDs and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

Changes in formal sex education: 1995-2002.

A substantial retreat from formal instruction about birth control methods has left increasing proportions of adolescents receiving only abstinence education, and efforts are needed to expand teenagers' access to medically accurate and comprehensive reproductive health information.

The impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs on adolescent sexual behavior

In an effort to reduce unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) in adolescents, both abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs have been proffered. Based on

Patterns of contraceptive use within teenagers' first sexual relationships.

Parents and programs should encourage teenagers to delay sexual intercourse, discuss contraception with partners before initiating sex and be vigilant about contraceptive use, particularly in long-term sexual relationships and in relationships with older partners.

Age differences between sexual partners in the United States.

Although the proportion of 15-17-year-old women who have a much older partner is small, these adolescents are of concern because of their low rate of contraceptive use and their relatively high rates of pregnancy and birth.

Adolescents' reports of reproductive health education, 1988 and 1995.

Further efforts should focus on assuring access to timely, comprehensive and high-quality reproductive health education for all teenagers and reducing gaps in access related to race, gender and school attendance.