Consequences of sex education on teen and young adult sexual behaviors and outcomes.

  title={Consequences of sex education on teen and young adult sexual behaviors and outcomes.},
  author={L. Lindberg and Isaac Maddow-Zimet},
  journal={The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine},
  volume={51 4},
  • L. LindbergI. Maddow-Zimet
  • Published 1 October 2012
  • Psychology
  • The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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Youth Have Healthier Sexual Outcomes if Their Sex Education Classes Discuss Contraception

It is speculated that convincing adolescents to delay sexual debut may depend less on the content of conversations about sex than on having such discussions at all.

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Several studies exploring sex education programs and adolescent decision making within the context of cognitive development are examined and recommendations for evidence-based interventions that may reduce risky adolescent sexual behavior are offered.

Racial-Ethnic Disparities Between Sex Education and Contraceptive Use Method at the Last Sexual Encounter Among Adolescent Females in the USA

Medically accurate comprehensive sex education for adolescent females may be the most effective method to reduce unplanned pregnancies and race/ethnicity and contraceptive method were shown to be associated in bivariate analyses.



The association between sex education and youth's engagement in sexual intercourse, age at first intercourse, and birth control use at first sex.

Abstinence-only and comprehensive sex education and the initiation of sexual activity and teen pregnancy.

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Sexual Risk Behaviors Associated With Having Older Sex Partners: A Study Of Black Adolescent Females

It is suggested that many adolescent females have sex partners who are at least 2 years older and that their relationship dynamics do not favor the adoption and maintenance of behavior protective against STD or HIV infection.

Age of partner at first adolescent intercourse and adult sexual risk behavior among women.

Having an older first sex partner during adolescence was associated with sexual risk behavior in adulthood, and sexual health interventions need to target female adolescents before they initiate sexual intercourse to reduce risk for STDs and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

Changes in formal sex education: 1995-2002.

A substantial retreat from formal instruction about birth control methods has left increasing proportions of adolescents receiving only abstinence education, and efforts are needed to expand teenagers' access to medically accurate and comprehensive reproductive health information.

Patterns of contraceptive use within teenagers' first sexual relationships.

Parents and programs should encourage teenagers to delay sexual intercourse, discuss contraception with partners before initiating sex and be vigilant about contraceptive use, particularly in long-term sexual relationships and in relationships with older partners.

Age differences between sexual partners in the United States.

Although the proportion of 15-17-year-old women who have a much older partner is small, these adolescents are of concern because of their low rate of contraceptive use and their relatively high rates of pregnancy and birth.

Abstinence and abstinence-only education: a review of U.S. policies and programs.

Efficacy of a theory-based abstinence-only intervention over 24 months: a randomized controlled trial with young adolescents.

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of an abstinence-only intervention in preventing sexual involvement in young adolescents. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Urban public schools.