• Corpus ID: 16088504

Consequences of harvester ant incursion into urbanized areas: A case history of sting anaphylaxis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

  title={Consequences of harvester ant incursion into urbanized areas: A case history of sting anaphylaxis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)},
  author={John H. Klotz and Justin O. Schmidt and Jacob L. Pinnas and Stephen A. Klotz},
Over a two-year period in Arizona, there were 237 reported cases of people stung by ants. Most of these cases were caused by harvester ants and native fire ants, which pose a significant health risk to a small percentage of the population who are allergic to their sting. We report a case of anaphylaxis in Tucson caused by a sting of Pogonomyrmex rugosus. In addition, due to the severity of their sting, harvester ants can also become a nuisance pest when they infest urban environments. A field… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

From Pests to Keystone Species: Ecosystem Influences and Human Perceptions of Harvester Ants (Pogonomyrmex, Veromessor, and Messor spp.)
Abstract Harvester ants (Latreille) (Formicidae: Hymenoptera) have traditionally been labeled as pests within their native ranges from perceived effects on crop production and rangeland
Anaphylaxis to animal bites and stings poses significant medical risk of vascular or respiratory reacions that vary according to the patient’s response and ature of the insult, as well as awareness of the diversity of animals that cause this dangerous condition.
Animal bites and stings with anaphylactic potential.
Global View on Ant Venom Allergy: from Allergenic Components to Clinical Management
A global view on allergic reactions to the venoms of stinging ants and the contemporary approach to diagnose and manage ant venom allergy is provided.
Hiking Trails Increase Abundance of Harvester Ant1 Nests at Clear Creek, Arizona
Abstract. Anthropomorphic changes to the environment can sometimes unintentionally benefit ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) when habitats are made favorable for nesting. We examined the effects of a
Given & Public Health
An actual allergic reaction ants is described, a 25-year-old woman was stung by a small black ant and arrived at an emergency room with respiratory distress, generalized urticaria and decreased blood pressure.


Adverse reactions to ant stings
Imported fire ant WBE and venom share allergens and both appear to identify hypersensitive patients by appropriately performed skin and/or RAST testing, and IFA WBE immunotherapy is currently recommended, based on uncontrolled reports of effectiveness, the presence of venom allergens in WBE, and the in vitro evidence of the presence in W BE of allergens that react like venom allergicens when used for immunotherapy of IFA-sensitive patients.
Reactions to less common species of fire ants.
  • D. Hoffman
  • Medicine
    The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology
  • 1997
Harvester ant sensitivity: in vitro and in vivo studies using whole body extracts and venom.
Pharmacological and toxicological properties of harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex badius, venom.
  • J. Schmidt, M. Blum
  • Biology
    Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
  • 1978
Effects of Amdro Fire Ant Insecticide Mound Treatments on Southern California Ants, 1982
  • R. Wagner
  • Environmental Science
    Insecticide and Acaricide Tests
  • 1983
Acceptability of Amdro fire ant insecticide to 12 species of ants was determined in Sep at 3 elevations by mound applications. All Myrmicine species accepted bait to a greater or lesser degree and
The world of the harvester ants
The mythology and folklore surrounding the harvester ants of the Southwest and Mexico are considered, including the Aztecs believed that the red harvesters brought corn to humankind and Native Americans of the southwestern deserts invoked special rituals to placate the ants when their mounds were disturbed.
Ants and bees: whole body extracts vs venom.
Before whole body extracts are forever abandoned, their antigen content and stability should be re-examined by means of modern immunologic methods.
Stinging insect allergy
  • R. M. Ford
  • Political Science, Medicine
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 1981
The Commonwealth Department of Health under Health Programmes Grants arrangements will total $1.5 million, making total Commonwealth funds available to Aboriginal medical and dental services of $6 million, an increase of $1 million or 28~~.
Factors Affecting Foraging Activity in Chihuahuan Desert Harvester Ants
Foraging in harvester ants seemed to be primarily affected by forage availability, secondarily by microclimate, with historical factors and interspecific competition as contributing parameters in some species.
Nest-plugging: interference competition in desert ants (Novomessor cockerelli and Pogonomyrmex barbatus)
Nest-plugging by N. cockerelli decreases the foraging capacity of P. barbatus colonies and means that these colonies do not compensate for late emergence or events impeding foraging by increasing foraging rate.