Consequences of ants and extrafloral nectar for a pollinating seed-consuming mutualism : ant satiation , floral distraction or plant defense ?

@inproceedings{Holland2011ConsequencesOA,
  title={Consequences of ants and extrafloral nectar for a pollinating seed-consuming mutualism : ant satiation , floral distraction or plant defense ?},
  author={J. Nathaniel Holland and Scott A. Chamberlain and Tom E. X. Miller},
  year={2011}
}
Non-pollinating consumers of floral resources, especially ants, can disrupt pollination and plant reproductive processes. As an alternative food resource to flowers, extrafloral nectar (EFN) may distract and satiate ants from flowers, thereby reducing their antagonistic effects on plants. Yet, EFN may actually attract and increase ant density on plants, thus increasing the disruption of pollination and/or their defense of plants. In this study, we tested the effects of ants and EFN on… CONTINUE READING