Consensus and the Creation of Status Beliefs

  title={Consensus and the Creation of Status Beliefs},
  author={Cecilia L. Ridgeway and Shelley J. Correll},
  journal={Social Forces},
  pages={431 - 453}
We develop a new status construction theory argument that apparently valid social realities in which a salient social difference is consistently linked to signs of status and competence induce participants to form status beliefs. Supporting this social validity account, an experiment showed that when an influence hierarchy developed between categorically different actors and appeared to be consensually accepted in the situation and therefore valid, participants formed strongly differentiated… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

How Easily Does a Social Difference Become a Status Distinction? Gender Matters
Are people quick to adopt status beliefs about a social difference that lead them to treat others unequally? In a test of status construction theory, two experiments show that men and women form
Status Construction Theory
Status construction theory describes how structural conditions in society frame and constrain social encounters among people from socially different groups (e.g., racial, ethnic, or gender groups),
University of Groningen Global Diversity and Local Consensus in Status Beliefs Grow
Formal models of status construction theory suggest that beliefs about the relative social worth and competence of members of different social groups can emerge from face-to-face interactions in
8 Social Hierarchy: The Self‐Reinforcing Nature of Power and Status
Abstract Hierarchy is such a defining and pervasive feature of organizations that its forms and basic functions are often taken for granted in organizational research. In this review, we revisit some
The Self-Reinforcing Nature of Social Hierarchy: Origins and Consequences of Power and Status
Hierarchy is such a defining feature of organizations that its forms and basic functions are often taken for granted in organizational research. In this chapter, we revisit some basic sociological
How the Basis for Status Perceptions Varies with Perceiver Status
We posit a novel mechanism—socially endogenous calibration—whereby the tendency to align with others’ perceptions of organizational status varies systematically with the status of a perceiver’s own
Task Focused Interaction and the Formation of Status Beliefs 2
Status beliefs link social distinctions, such as gender and race, to assumptions about competence and social worth. Recent modeling work in status construction theory suggests that interactions in
An Agent-Based Model of Status Construction in Task Focused Groups
An agent-based computational model is developed that enables us to study the emergence of status beliefs in groups larger than dyads and suggests that behavioral principles known to spontaneously create hierarchical differentiation between individual group members also tend to align these hierarchies with categorical differences and thereby facilitate the emergenceof status beliefs.
Legitimacy as a Social Process
To gain an in-depth understanding of legitimacy as a general social process, we review contemporary approaches to legitimacy within two areas of sociology: social psychology and organizations. A


The formation of status beliefs Improving status construction theory
Creating and Spreading Status Beliefs1
In this article, two experiments support status construction theory's claim that interaction spreads status beliefs through behavior, creating a diffusion process that makes widely shared beliefs
Group Processes and the Diffusion of Status Beliefs
How are consensual beliefs about the status-value of individual characteristics created in a society? A recent theory posits that inequalities in the distribution of resources in a population are
Status, communality, and agency: implications for stereotypes of gender and other groups.
Four studies addressed the hypothesis, based on correspondence bias, that low- relative to high-status individuals are perceived as more communal and less agentic, and received clear support in Studies 3 and 4, in which a general instantiation of status independent of occupations, social roles, and gender was adopted.
Creating Status Characteristics
Status characteristics constitute significant elements of small group and societal stratification systems, and understanding their creation has theoretical and practical importance. The authors
A status value theory of power in exchange relations
A new status value theory of power is proposed that bridges two previously distinct research literatures. The theory asserts that exchangeable objects controlled by high-status actors are perceived
Whose Expectations Matter? The Relative Power of First‐ and Second‐Order Expectations in Determining Social Influence1
Two types of expectations are proposed to guide social interaction: those one holds for herself (first‐order expectations) and those one believes others hold for her (second‐order expectations).
How can we explain the persistence of gender hierarchy over transformnations in its socioeconomic base? Part of the answer lies in the mediation of gender inequality by taken-for-granted
A theory of second-order expectations and behavior
Social psychologists recognize that what we think others expect can affect our own expectations and behavior. To date, however no theoretical explanation has fully integrated the effects of others'