Consensual Nonmonogamy: Psychological Well-Being and Relationship Quality Correlates

@article{Rubel2015ConsensualNP,
  title={Consensual Nonmonogamy: Psychological Well-Being and Relationship Quality Correlates},
  author={Alicia N. Rubel and Anthony F Bogaert},
  journal={The Journal of Sex Research},
  year={2015},
  volume={52},
  pages={961 - 982}
}
Consensually nonmonogamous relationships are those in which all partners explicitly agree that each partner may have romantic or sexual relationships with others (Conley, Ziegler, Moors, Matsick, & Valentine, 2013). In this article, research examining the associations between consensual nonmonogamy, psychological well-being, and relationship quality is reviewed. Specifically, three types of consensual nonmonogamy are examined: swinging, open relationships (including sexually open marriage and… 

Reasons for sex and relational outcomes in consensually nonmonogamous and monogamous relationships

Approximately 4% of individuals in North America participate in consensually nonmonogamous (CNM) relationships, wherein all partners have agreed to additional sexual and/or emotional partnerships.

Around Consensual Nonmonogamies: Assessing Attitudes Toward Nonexclusive Relationships

TLDR
The social norms that are violated by different forms of consensual nonmonogamy and the negative judgments that result are examined and it is concluded that the aspect that has the most effect on judgments is whether the relationship structure has been agreed to by all parties.

Investigation of Consensually Nonmonogamous Relationships

We proposed that the premise that monogamy is the exemplary form of romantic partnership underlies much theory and research on relationship quality, and we addressed how this bias has prompted

Estimates and Correlates of Engagement in Consensually Non-Monogamous Relationships

Purpose of ReviewInterest in consensually non-monogamous (CNM) relationships—in which partners have explicitly agreed that pursuing other romantic or sexual partners is permitted—has grown both among

Sexual Attitudes, Erotophobia, and Sociosexual Orientation Differ Based on Relationship Orientation

TLDR
Results indicated that swingers had the most permissive and instrumental attitudes, were the most erotophilic, and were themost unrestricted sexually, and reinforced the view that some underlying differences and similarities exist between monogamous and CNM individuals.

Motivations for Engaging in Consensually Non-Monogamous Relationships.

TLDR
The reasons for which people engage in CNM are explored and how motivations for CNM might be linked to well-being and need fulfillment are discussed, to facilitate therapeutic interventions for counselors working with individuals who are in the process of negotiating or re-negotiating relationship boundaries.

Open Relationships, Nonconsensual Nonmonogamy, and Monogamy Among U.S. Adults: Findings from the 2012 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior

TLDR
Investigation of sociodemographic correlates with open relationships and associations between relationship structure and sexual risk, HIV/STI testing, condom use, and relationship satisfaction in a nationally representative probability sample found that participants in open relationships reported more frequent condom use for anal intercourse and lower relationship satisfaction than monogamous participants.

Sociosexual Attitudes and Quality of Life in (Non)Monogamous Relationships: The Role of Attraction and Constraining Forces Among Users of the Second Love Web Site

TLDR
A cross-sectional study with 373 heterosexuals registered on Second Love, a dating Web site for romantically involved individuals, shows differences in the hypothesized model, according to relationship agreement, which make a novel contribution to the literature on relationship agreements and how they relate to QoL.

SOCIOSEXUALITY, RELATIONSHIP QUALITY AND QUALITY OF LIFE 1 Sociosexual Attitudes and Quality of Life in (Non)Monogamous Relationships: The Role of Attraction and Constraining Forces Among Users of the Second Love Website

  • Psychology
  • 2019
Research has typically shown that unrestricted sociosexuality is negatively associated with relationship quality, and that relationship quality is positively associated with quality of life (QoL).

Stigmatization of Consensual Non-monogamous Partners: Perceived Endorsement of Conservation or Openness to Change Values Vary According to Personal Attitudes.

Studies have shown that romantic partners in consensual non-monogamous (CNM) relationships are targets of stigmatization. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms and the conditions
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 82 REFERENCES

The Fewer the Merrier?: Assessing Stigma Surrounding Consensually Non‐monogamous Romantic Relationships

In the context of recent debates about same-sex marriage, consensually nonmonogamous (CNM) relationships have recently begun making their way into media discussions. In the current research, we

Extradyadic romantic involvement: Moderating effects of sociosexuality and gender

In two separate experiments, the role of both sociosexuality (Simpson & Gangestad, 1991) and gender in moderating individuals' tendencies to pursue extradyadic relationships was examined. Unmarried

Alternatives to Monogamy Among Gay Male Couples in a Community Survey: Implications for Mental Health and Sexual Risk

TLDR
Gay and bisexual men in monogamish relationships more closely resembled those in monogamous relationships, in terms of psychological and sexual health benefits, rather than men in open relationships, suggesting that varying forms of non-monogamy should be explored for their relevance to health behaviors.

Relationship quality of gay men in closed or open relationships.

TLDR
Controlling for length of time living together, partners in closed relationships reported higher Affiliation/Dependency, more Favorable Attitudes toward the Relationship, and lower Tension than partners in open relationships.

Extradyadic Sex and Gay Male Couples: Comparing Monogamous and Nonmonogamous Relationships

In this study, the author compared the relationship quality of sexually monogamous and nonmonogamous gay male couples. Among a nationwide surveyed sample of 121 gay male couples, no differences were

Sexually open marriages

The question as to what degree people are able to engage in extramarital relationships without endangering their marriages remains controversial. In this study it was assumed that the norms and

Unfaithful individuals are less likely to practice safer sex than openly nonmonogamous individuals.

TLDR
Understanding rates of nonengagement in safer sex strategies will be helpful to those who lead efforts to increase condom use and other preventive STI measures, and add to the literature on the negative effects of sexual unfaithfulness.

Sexual exclusivity versus openness in gay male couples

TLDR
It appears that sexually open and closed relationships can be equally satisfying, and partners' agreements about whether their relationship should be open or closed had a significant effect on their actual sexual behavior.

Individual differences in sociosexuality: evidence for convergent and discriminant validity.

TLDR
Individual differences in willingness to engage in uncommitted sexual relations were investigated in 6 studies and it was demonstrated that the SOI correlates negligibly with measures of sexual satisfaction, anxiety, and guilt.

Sociosexuality and Romantic Partner Choice

ABSTRACT In three studies, we explored how individual differences in sociosexual orientation systematically relate to the types of attributes people prefer in romantic partners. In Investigation 1,
...