Consciousness in the universe: a review of the 'Orch OR' theory.

@article{Hameroff2014ConsciousnessIT,
  title={Consciousness in the universe: a review of the 'Orch OR' theory.},
  author={S. Hameroff and R. Penrose},
  journal={Physics of life reviews},
  year={2014},
  volume={11 1},
  pages={
          39-78
        }
}
The nature of consciousness, the mechanism by which it occurs in the brain, and its ultimate place in the universe are unknown. We proposed in the mid 1990's that consciousness depends on biologically 'orchestrated' coherent quantum processes in collections of microtubules within brain neurons, that these quantum processes correlate with, and regulate, neuronal synaptic and membrane activity, and that the continuous Schrödinger evolution of each such process terminates in accordance with the… Expand
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