Consciousness, self-consciousness, and meditation

  title={Consciousness, self-consciousness, and meditation},
  author={Wolfgang Fasching},
  journal={Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences},
  • Wolfgang Fasching
  • Published 19 April 2008
  • Philosophy
  • Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences
Many spiritual traditions employ certain mental techniques (meditation) which consist in inhibiting mental activity whilst nonetheless remaining fully conscious, which is supposed to lead to a realisation of one’s own true nature prior to habitual self-substantialisation. In this paper I propose that this practice can be understood as a special means of becoming aware of consciousness itself as such. To explain this claim I conduct some phenomenologically oriented considerations about the… 

Investigating the Depths of Consciousness Through Meditation

This article explores the theory and practice of a contemplative phenomenology. In general, contemplative phenomenology investigates and describes the activity and effects of meditation. Drawing on

Consciousness and no self?

The Buddhist tradition is famous for its denial of an agential ‘self’ that like a charioteer controls what is going on in the mind (cf. Ganeri, 2018). This paper does not argue against this denial.

Cyber-Consciousness Between Self Perception and Body Image

This paper deals with the ontology of mind and its objective reality of being in certain states of self modified by consciousness, which implies a loss of differentiation between physicality and

Psychedelics, Meditation, and Self-Consciousness

This article discusses available evidence regarding convergences and differences between phenomenological and neurophysiological data on meditation practice and psychedelic drug-induced states, and proposes that self-consciousness may be best construed as a multidimensional construct, and that “self-loss” can take several forms.

Minimal phenomenal experience: Meditation, tonic alertness, and the phenomenology of ``pure'' consciousness

This is the first in a series of instalments aiming at a minimal model explanation for conscious experience, taking the phenomenal character of “pure consciousness” or “pure awareness” in meditation

Awareness in the void: a micro-phenomenological exploration of conscious dreamless sleep

This paper presents a pilot study that explores instances of objectless awareness during sleep: conscious experiences had during sleep that prima facie lack an object of awareness. This state of

The Phenomenology of “Pure” Consciousness as Reported by an Experienced Meditator of the Tibetan Buddhist Karma Kagyu Tradition. Analysis of Interview Content Concerning Different Meditative States

A philosopher and a cognitive neuroscientist conversed with Buddhist lama Tilmann Lhündrup Borghardt (TLB) about the unresolved phenomenological concerns and logical questions surrounding “pure”

The Technology of Awakening: Experiments in Zen Phenomenology

In this paper, I investigate the phenomenology of awakening in Chinese Zen Buddhism. In this tradition, to awaken is to ‘see your true nature’. In particular, the two aspects of awakening are: (1)



Self-Awareness and Alterity: A Phenomenological Investigation

In the rigorous and highly original Self-Awareness and Alterity, Dan Zahavi provides a sustained argument that phenomenology, especially in its Husserlian version, can contribute something decisive

The Illumination of Consciousness: Approaches to Self-Awareness in the Indian and Western Traditions

Philosophers in the Indian and Western traditions have developed and defended a range of sophisticated accounts of self-awareness. Here, four of these accounts are examined, and the arguments for

Subjectivity and Selfhood: Investigating the First-Person Perspective

What is a self? Does it exist in reality or is it a mere social construct -- or is it perhaps a neurologically induced illusion? The legitimacy of the concept of the self has been questioned by both

Mind and materialism

Materialism and the mind/body problem intentionality - the externality of the mind, intentionality and the holism of the mental, mental representation, concluding remarks autonomy - functionalism,

Consciousness and Self-Consciousness

What is the relation between consciousness and self-consciousness? In recent philosophy of mind, we are accustomed to underlining their independence. It is often emphasized that a person can be

Zen and the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness

Starting to point toward Zen meditating neurologizing exploring states of consciousness quickening turning in - the absorptions turning out - the awakenings being and beyond - to the stage of ongoing

Self-Representational Approaches to Consciousness

In this pioneering collection of essays, leading theorists examine the self-representational theory of consciousness, which holds that consciousness always involves some form of self-awareness. The

The Problem of pure consciousness : mysticism and philosophy

This is a paperback reprint of a collection of contributed essays about mysticism and philosophy. It challenges the widely accepted interpretaion of mystical experience that received its fullest

After Brentano: A One‐Level Theory of Consciousness

Much current discussion in philosophy of mind focusses on the prospects for a reductive account of consciousness. But we cannot properly assess those prospects until we have a decent analysis of what

The Nature of Consciousness

Preface 1. The problem of phenomenal consciousness 2. Consciousness and supervenience 3. The explanatory gap 4. Consciousness and higher-order experience 5. Consciousness and higher-order thoughts 6.