Conscious sedation and analgesia use in cardiac device implantation.

  title={Conscious sedation and analgesia use in cardiac device implantation.},
  author={Khang-Li Looi and Audry Shan Yin Lee and Katherine Cole and Sharad Agarwal and Patrick Heck and David A Begley and Andrew A. Grace and Munmohan Virdee and Simon Patrick Fynn},
  journal={International journal of cardiology},
  volume={168 1},
Cardiac device implantations are increasingly carried out using local anaesthesia (LA) with intravenous conscious sedation. The advantages include reduction of patients' anxiety and discomfort, and avoidance of risks of general anaesthesia (GA). However, concerns about the safety of sedation used without an anaesthetist have been expressed. The National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA) has identified serious problems in the use of intravenous midazolam for conscious sedation and reliance on… CONTINUE READING

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