Consanguinity and Noble Marriages in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries

@article{Bouchard1981ConsanguinityAN,
  title={Consanguinity and Noble Marriages in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries},
  author={C. Bouchard},
  journal={Speculum},
  year={1981},
  volume={56},
  pages={268 - 287}
}
Between the ninth and twelfth centuries, ecclesiastics first developed the theory of marriage as a sacrament.* While powerful families continued to arrange their children's marriages, churchmen insisted that the free consent of the partners was the essence of a valid marriage. During this period, divorce gradually diminished until the only grounds for divorce was the discovery that the marriage had not been valid initially (this was technically an annulment rather than a divorce). A number of… 
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