Connectivity of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) populations in a highly fragmented urban landscape

  title={Connectivity of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) populations in a highly fragmented urban landscape},
  author={Devaughn Fraser and Kirsten E Ironside and Robert K. Wayne and Erin E. Boydston},
  journal={Landscape Ecology},
ContextUrbanization is a substantial force shaping the genetic and demographic structure of natural populations. Urban development and major highways can limit animal movements, and thus gene flow, even in highly mobile species. Characterizing varying species responses to human activity and fragmentation is important for maintaining genetic continuity in wild animals and for preserving biodiversity. As one of the only common and wide-ranging large wild herbivores in much of urban North America… 

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